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Ehren Helmut Pflugfelder

, I summarize how these differences are represented in survey results, consider how the articles in this special section address gender dynamics in self-driving technologies, and offer a short commentary on how such power relations might be addressed

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Dov Waxman

The influence of the pro-Israel lobby in US foreign policymaking toward the Middle East has been a subject of great interest and fierce controversy in recent years. Yet, despite being the object of a massive amount of critical scrutiny, the pro-Israel lobby remains poorly understood. All too often it is depicted as a highly organized, cohesive political actor pursuing an agenda in line with, and even determined by, Israel's right-wing Likud party. By undertaking a detailed empirical survey of the pro-Israel community in the United States, this article shows that such a view is grossly inaccurate. The pro-Israel community is neither monolithic nor a unitary actor. It is fragmented into a number of different groups, many of which disagree sharply over their understanding of Israel's real interests. In lobbying the US government for what they believe is in Israel's interests, therefore, the pro-Israel community rarely, if ever, speaks with a single voice.

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Shakespeare and War

Honour at the Stake

Patrick Gray

Hiscock, ‘“More Warlike than Politique”: Shakespeare and the Theatre of War – a Critical Survey’, Shakespeare 7, no. 2 (2011): 221–47, here 227–28. For another very helpful review essay, see Paola Pugliatti, ‘Visible Bullets: Critical Responses to

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Editorial

Literature of the 1930s

Mary Joannou and John Lucas

This edition of Critical Survey is dedicated to papers first given at the ‘Literature of the 1930s: Visions and Revisions’ conference and includes radical new perspectives on woman novelists.

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Bryan Loughrey and Graham Holderness

In this issue, Critical Survey continues to represent international scholarship and research, and to broaden the horizons of scholarship. Featuring authors from Britain, the United States, Australia, Jordan, the Sultanate of Oman and the Republic of Ireland, the issue ranges from early modern to contemporary literature and culture, from Shakespeare to the literature and drama of contemporary Ireland.

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Afterword

Reading, Writing and Literature in the Early Modern Age

Roger Chartier

The Introduction to this issue of Critical Survey by Sasha Roberts acutely and rigorously defines how the essays gathered here contribute towards the history of reading practices in Early Modern England. My aim in this Afterword is to underline in what ways the six articles in this edition enable us to penetrate deeper into the encounter between textual criticism and cultural history, or (in other words) between literature and history.

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Dennis Brown

This issue of Critical Survey seeks to affirm the importance of contemporary poetry. For poetry can make something ‘happen’ – in the sphere of intersubjective awareness, of intelligence, of general ideology. That is not ‘nothing’. As guest editor, I am grateful to academic colleagues and featured poets alike for making this edition possible. The focus here is on British poetry written by men. Although the articles do not engage directly with a recent interest in ‘Masculinities’, it is implicit that poetic exploration of what it is to be gendered male is an important issue.

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Biographical Aftershocks

Shakespeare and Marlowe in the Wake of 9/11

Robert Sawyer

This article examines the relationship between Shakespeare and Marlowe as it has been portrayed in biographical forms in the early twenty-first century. Just six months before the 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, Katherine Duncan-Jones's biography of Shakespeare, entitled Ungentle Shakespeare, burst on the scene and the political landscape was as altered as the biographical renderings of the two playwrights. I begin my survey with a brief review of Duncan-Jones's book, before focusing on biographical works which followed hers to show how twenty-first-century biography has already re-written the relationship.

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Penny Pritchard

This issue of Critical Survey derives from a selection of the papers first read at ‘Locations of Austen’, an interdisciplinary and international academic conference which took place at the University of Hertfordshire from 11 to 13 July 2013. These articles represent a modest percentage of the wealth of topics considered over the course of that three-day event, but they nevertheless provide an authentic sense of the eclectic mix of disciplines and intellectual approaches to Austen studies during what proved to be a successful, and most enjoyable, academic forum for scholars of literature, history, film and cultural studies.