This article explores the relation between theory and method in three methodologically innovative studies of rural poverty. The issue is pertinent because the nature of research on poverty has shifted from small-scale qualitative studies to large surveys, and to national-scale studies that combine qualitative and quantitative methods in an effort to inform policy makers on appropriate poverty reduction strategies. The interest in combined methods holds considerable promise for poverty research because it links a search for 'objective' economic concerns to the analysis of 'subjective' and context-specific issues. It is instructive to examine recent studies of poverty that have pursued different theoretical and methodological choices with a view to understand how 'theory' influenced methodological choices, and whether and how such choices influenced their understanding of poverty.
John R. Campbell
Material things and phenomena have come to vie with belief and thought as worthy subjects of inquiry in the interdisciplinary study of religion. Yet, to the extent that we are justified in speaking of a “material turn”, no consensus has arisen about what materiality is or does. This article offers a preliminary sketch of the diverse terrain of material religion studies, delineating three dominant approaches to religious materiality as well as an emerging alternative. It argues that the dominant approaches—respectively characterized by an emphasis on symbolism, material disciplines, and phenomenological experience—continue to privilege the human subject while material things themselves struggle to come into sharp focus. That is, they remain anthropocentric and beholden to the biases against materiality deeply entrenched in the study of religion. Such biases may be negotiated more successfully via the emerging alternative “new materialism”.
The main question for this article is: How has research in Danish transport history developed over time? How strong has research activity been, and what topics, theories, and methods have been used? A scientometrical method is used as the basis for this investigation. This is useful in understanding the development of trends within specific areas of study and tracking the dynamics of ongoing research. The article will use as its source material the published books on the topic of transport written about Denmark.
What if we use theory and method to benefit the people we study and with whom we partner to develop an increasingly just world in which inequities are reduced and all people may believe in their ability to reach their potentials by having access to resources that are more or less equally available, distributed and accessible? Each in her or his way, the contributors to this ‘Special Issue on Public Anthropology’ provide example trajectories which move anthropologists in this direction.
New Challenges in the U.S. Academy
This essay examines changing practices of public anthropology in terms of their relationship to the political economic processes of global capitalism and neoliberalism as well as changes in the position of anthropology within a hierarchy of knowledge-producing disciplines. Examining my own experiences in different historic regimes, I argue that today's call for a public or engaged anthropology partially conflates two contradictory processes: the drive to raise the value of disciplinary expertise and stake a claim to authority in the world of policy elites located in the state, media and academy; and the drive to use contemporary theories and methods to offer cogent critiques of the very institutions which are gatekeepers for public knowledge. We often find ourselves examining actors in the same professionalized settings in which we ourselves are situated and within which we seek more authority. I argue that we should continue to work on two tracks simultaneously with serious analysis of their contradictions. While we conform to dominant public questions, producing knowledge in ways that fit mainstream formats of communication, we must also invest significant effort in finding ways to help audiences reframe urgent issues by working to better convey contextualized understandings of how power and politics work through sociocultural processes. As a result, we will become more mindful of the specific structural constraints and cultural processes which work against broadening and reframing popular understandings.
I should start my first introduction as editor with a note of thanks to the outgoing editor, Jonathan Skinner, and publishers Berghahn for the work they have done to establish Anthropology In Action as a highly regarded journal. It started life as the newsletter of the Anthropology In Action network, and when an electronic discussion list took on some of the news and networking functions, evolved into a more conventional journal format, with the support of Berghahn as publishers. The focus throughout has been on anthropology that addresses itself to issues of policy and practice. It has aimed to involve anthropologists working both inside and outside academic departments of anthropology, and those in other fields who are interested in the contributions that anthropological theory and methods can bring. Today, I think it is reasonable to say that the journal combines excellent academic quality with accessibility to a broad readership. I hope that as editor, and with the support of an able editorial board, I can do justice to these aims and achievements. We intend to continue the distinctive role set for the journal as one that is about anthropology in action, to stimulate debate and reflection, and to develop anthropological contributions to public discourse.
Benjamin Abrams and Giovanni A. Travaglino
prefigurative political culture of the student network and that of the Hungarian state were rendered invisible, which in turn suppressed the student network. As well as a variety of innovative theories and methods, what is perhaps most exciting about this
Girlhood Studies at 10
editors and contributors to bring together tween studies and girlhood as well as queer studies and girlhood, along with ways of addressing girlhood studies as an academic area in high schools, colleges, and universities, and ways of advancing theories and
coalface in cultural institutions. But whatever form research itself may take in future, Museum Worlds still focuses on “ advances in research.” The contents of the journal look forward to new ideas, theories, and methods in museums, but they also look
A Social-Psychological Response to “Violence, Social Movements, and Black Freedom Struggles: Ten Theses Toward a Research Agenda for Scholars of Contention Today”
Andrew G. Livingstone
Jovchelovitch , Fabio Lorenzi-Cioldi , Ivana Marková , and Diana Rose . 1999 . “ Theory and Method of Social Representations .” Asian Journal of Social Psychology 2 ( 1 ): 95 – 125 . 10.1111/1467-839X.00028 Wohl , Michael J. A. , Michael