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Transport Policy and the Significance of Time Perspectives

A Comment on the Special Section on Global Cycling

Geoff Dudley

There is frequently a dilemma in the making of transport policy between prioritizing what appear to be the most immediate problems and seeking to find the quickest and most straightforward solutions that will satisfy public demand; or to search for the deep perceptions that shape social and political norms over long periods of time, and which provide the powerful dynamics that drive stability and change. A common factor, therefore, in all four of the insightful case studies in this special section is that they demonstrate how greater understanding of these stability and change dynamics is crucial not only in the framing of more effective policies, but also in gaining knowledge of the interactions (or perhaps lack of them) that construct transport systems over time. Consequently, they reveal that it is this factor of time that is a vital, but often overlooked, element in transport policy-making.

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Jan Baars

This article concentrates on the concepts of time that are implied in the study of ageing. As such, it does not directly address the complex issue of autonomy and ageing, but is an attempt to prepare the ground for a more fundamental approach to ageing than is usually the case. Instead of assuming that we know what age is, I intend to think a little more about the concepts of time that are presupposed in speaking about age and ageing. Usually these concepts are approached from a chronological time perspective, which is only one, albeit important, approach to time. Another perspective which is crucial for understanding human ageing is subjective, personally experienced time. These perspectives are not by definition in harmony with each other. Subjective perspectives on time and ageing can conflict with objectifying, chronological perspectives. Human ageing means living in dimensions of time where impersonal forces and regularities clash with personal meanings.

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Active Waiting and Changing Hopes

Toward a Time Perspective on Protracted Displacement

Cathrine Brun

This article introduces a time perspective on 'protracted displacement' and seeks to theorize 'agency-in-waiting' through a focus on the ways in which people simultaneously carry on during displacement, feel trapped in the present, and actively relate to alternative notions of the future. The article analyzes the protracted case of internally displaced Georgians from Abkhazia and the dominant discourse of return that characterizes their lives in displacement. Changing notions of hope are analyzed in order to understand the role that an uncertain future plays and the potential for agency that people develop during displacement. Agency-in-waiting and future perspectives, it is suggested, contribute valuable conceptual and political dimensions to the ways in which protracted displacement can be understood and addressed.

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Rane Willerslev

’s ‘Mourning and Melancholia’ through a Siberian Time Perspective .” Pp. 79 – 98 in Taming Time, Timing Death: Social Technologies and Ritual , ed. Dorthe R. Christensen . and Rane Willerslev . London : Ashgate . Willerslev , Rane . 2013c

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Negotiating the Nation in History

The Swedish State Approval Scheme for Textbooks and Teaching Aids from 1945 to 1983

Henrik Åström Elmersjö

listed history as a separate subject. Instead, history was called “the time-perspective of human activity” and was to be taught as a component of social studies. Although solidarity, equality, understanding, and respect were vital concepts, it was

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Marcel Mauss

, E. 1969 . ‘ The Hamitic Hypothesis: Its Origins and Functions in Time Perspective ’, Journal of African History 10 ( 4 ): 521 – 532 . 10.1017/S0021853700009683 Schmitt , C. 2005 . Political Theology: Four Chapters on the Concept of

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Erland Mårald and Erik Westholm

described the transition of temporality from a more culturally and locally embedded time perspective into an abstract or symbolic perception of time that clearly distinguished between the past, present, and future. Forests were turned into abstract capital

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Joost Beuving and Geert de Vries

them in a time perspective. Today's definitions of situations are tomorrow's social facts, and tomorrow's social facts precondition the day after tomorrow's definitions of situations (see Figure 3 ). Figure 3. Definitions of the social situation and

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Regenerating Life in the Face of Predation

A Study of Mortuary Ritual as Sacrifice among the Siberian Chukchi

Jeanette Lykkegård and Rane Willerslev

/9780816676262.001.0001 Willerslev , Rane . 2013a . “ Rebirth and the Death Drive: Rethinking Freud’s ‘Mourning and Melancholia’ through a Siberian Time Perspective .” Pp. 79 – 98 in Taming Time, Timing Death: Social Technologies and Ritual . Studies in

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Voluntarism

Promises of Proximity as Articulated by Changing Moral Elites

Anders Sevelsted

appropriated and put to use in the present? This approach thus adds a new and stringent focus to the existing literature. Second, the approach has a longer time perspective than most of the literature, making it possible to synthesize partial insights from