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“Tobacco! Tobacco!”

Exporting New Habits to Siberia and Russian America

Matthew P. Romaniello

climate suitable for tobacco production. Although we can be certain they did not cultivate tobacco, knowledge of tobacco could have spread along the indigenous trade networks before European arrival. Certainly, their initial preference for chewing leaf

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‘We Are Both Diplomats and Traders’

Afghan Transregional Traders Across the Former Soviet Union

Magnus Marsden

field of diplomacy and also brings attention to the ways in which notions of diplomacy are articulated in particular communities. This article points more broadly to the insights that scholarship on mobile and trans-regional trading networks offers to

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Manly Merchants

Commerce, Mobility and Masculinity among Afghan Traders in Eurasia

Magnus Marsden

have been influenced by multiple geographical, political and historical dynamics (e.g. Kandiyoti 2007 ). The forms of masculinity and family life enacted by the trading networks and mobile societies documented in this article reflect this multiplicity

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Sandra Häbel

regard to the other freedoms, such as political and social freedom, transparency, and security. By applying NPCD as a method to create stronger links between development and trade networks, these five types of freedoms could become more important in trade

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Profiting from remoteness

The economic and political centrality of Malagasy ‘red zones’

Marco Gardini

Based on fieldwork carried out in the highlands of Madagascar since 2013, this article explores how insecurity and banditry are reshaping the relations between state authority and rural Malagasy regions perceived as ‘remote’ despite their increasing connections with transnational – and often illegal – trade networks of natural resources. Often classified as dangerous ‘red zones’ because of the presence of bandits () who combine cattle theft with attacks against villages, trucks and , these areas become crucial for local processes of reaffirmation and renegotiation of state power in historically marginalised regions. By analysing the connections between ‘remote’ areas and illegal trade networks of a global scale, I discuss how remoteness acquires different meanings according to people's power and economic positions, and how social inequalities and power relations are reshaped in areas that are increasingly connected with neoliberal global markets, thanks to – and not in spite of – their supposed remoteness.

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Patrick McEvoy

Abstract

Studying the socio-ecological systems which produce food highlights the entangled nature of humans, other species and ecosystems near and far. The three texts discussed in this essay have this awareness in the foreground. Participants in the solidarity economy and artisan cheesemakers know this, and the three authors do as well, demonstrating an integration of ecological awareness in their research and the pursuit of new knowledge. Cristina Grasseni, Heather Paxson and Anna Tsing trace connections and describe flows of organisms, food, skills and ideas, from the microbial community on the surface of a maturing cheese to global trade networks shaping mushrooms, mushroom pickers and forests. Each demonstrates the tight synergies of human culture and more-than-human nature that shape ecosystems and produce food beyond increasingly fragile capitalist industrial food production systems.

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“Forging New Malay networks”

Imagining global halal markets

Johan Fischer

-rooted networks such as historical Islamic trade networks or Chinese networks. Undoubtedly, networks such as business or production networks are more pervasive today in terms of advertising, production, and consumption than ever before in history. Most of all

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Moroccan Jews in Modern Times

Orientations and Reorientations

Norman A. Stillman

, Portuguese and – in the case of those who went to Gibraltar, London and Manchester – English). They also maintained continuous business and family connections throughout the international Sephardi trading network, which was still in place in the first decades

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Places of Otherness

Comparing Eastleigh, Nairobi, and Xiaobei, Guangzhou, as Sites of South-South Migration

Neil Carrier and Gordon Mathews

traders from Africa and South Asia, and in our case studies for this article. These are hubs for global trade and communication, often disconnected in some ways from the geographical territory in which they reside. They act as nodes for trade networks

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Regional integration from “below” in West Africa

A study of transboundary town-twinning of Idiroko (Nigeria) and Igolo (Benin)

Olukayode A. Faleye

unrewarding and limited state power at the periphery. This situation is summarized by Flynn in his study of identity politics and transboundary trade networks across the Yoruba region of Nigeria and Benin as follows: Unfortunately, political and economic