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Mariages et alliances matrimoniales à Ispahan

Permanence et changements d'une génération à l'autre

Mohiadin Vatani

It is the marriage records - from 1920 and later - of modest, working-class people living ordinary lives in Ispahan, Iran, that form the basis of this study. Not one of the various transactions engaged by (and for) marriage is properly intelligible within a social context if considered outside of the family. Nor are insights into matrimonial practices possible without a proper assessment of the hierarchy of events surrounding the marriage and the social processes and domestic groups concerned. For this reason we are led to place a certain number of marriages within the social and historical contexts that produced them from 1920 to 2008.

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What Happened to Cargo Cults?

Material Religions in Melanesia and the West

Ton Otto

In contrast to a strong tendency in recent studies of Melanesian religious and political movements that want to discard the term 'cargo cult' for reasons of analytical—and ethical—inadequacy, this article argues that the term remains useful to delineate an empirical field for comparative purposes. Further, it suggests that the central moral and existential crisis that underlies cargo cults has to do with pressure on the traditional exchange system and concomitant notions of personhood and fairness. Finally, it argues that the study of cargo cults provides a vantage point for a culture-critical approach to Western society, as it challenges the sharp distinction between religious and economic values that makes it difficult to understand contemporary moral paradoxes.

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Ritual Infrastructure

Roads to Certainty in Two Brazilian Religions

Inger Sjørslev

. However, the ritual infrastructure within which the exchange takes place is more in line with traditional exchange forms. As a result, the comparison between the two religions with their different ritual infrastructures rather than pointing towards