cleanliness to public health, associated mainly with modern hygiene. Scholars disagree on the origin of this transformation. Shen Guowei 1 and Feng Tianyu 2 treat weisheng as a “return graphic loan” that had first been borrowed from a classic Chinese
A Diachronic Study of the Changing Concept of Weisheng in Chinese Journals, 1880-1930
In 2003, after more than 10 years of policy debate and public controversy, the South African minister of education announced a new policy for religion and education that distinguished between religious interests, which are best served by religious communities, and educational objectives for teaching and learning about religion, religions, and religious diversity that should be served by the curriculum of public schools. This article locates South Africa's new policy for religion and education in relation to attempts to redefine the role of the state in the transition from apartheid to democracy. The policy emerged within a new constitutional framework, which ensured freedom for religious expression and freedom from religious discrimination, but also within the context of state initiatives to affirm cultural diversity and mobilize unifying resources for social transformation. Accordingly, this article examines South Africa's policy for religion and public education as an index for understanding post-apartheid efforts in redefining the state as a constitutional, cultural, and transformative state.
Transforming Amerindian Sociality in Peruvian Amazonia
An essential ingredient in the UNDP capacity development approach is transformation. For an activity to meet the standard of capacity development as practiced and promoted by UNDP, it must bring about transformation that is generated and sustained
Women Beauty Vloggers’ Self-Representations, Transformations, and #thepowerofmakeup
scholars as Weber (2007) and Bernadette Wegenstein (2012) assess how makeover television directs women to pursue transformations into better selves which keep them forever laboring on their self-presentations and working at the direction of beauty
extended examples. Drawn from civilization in China, the examples I discuss will illustrate the great value of a concept of civilization, which is to reintroduce into anthropology the historical processes of transformation that last for hundreds or even
Movement, violence, and the making of home
Stef Jansen and Staffan Löfving
By giving an extensive literature review and presenting the central objectives of this theme section, this introductory article develops a programmatic call for a critical anthropology of 'home' in relation to violence and place. Challenging assumptions that territoriality, rootedness, and memories of violence are necessarily the primary determinants of identification among people on the move, it proposes conceptual tools to investigate how and when such discourses may provide or prohibit the making of 'home'. In particular, it draws attention to issues of political and economic transformation and the changing forms of violence and movement produced by them.
, but none was entirely so. This led me to believe that there is a basic process underlying those things that could be used as a ‘primary analytic’. This article proposes transformation as that primary analytic, while creativity, skill, and task should
Risks, Ruptures and Uncertainties
Kirsten W. Endres and Maria Six-Hohenbalken
Asia's ongoing economic transformation has created a variety of unexpected ruptures, discontinuities and opportunities in the lives of local citizens across the region. The introduction to this special section of the journal frames the contributions that follow with a brief review of current scholarly discussions regarding the interrelated concepts of crisis, risk and uncertainty. It then provides an overview of the articles in this collection and highlights the ways in which they contribute to an understanding of local responses to, and strategies for coping with, risk and uncertainty as multidimensional, interwoven aspects of their daily lives, guided by social, economic and moral considerations.
This article looks back at the 2011 Arab Spring where the movements that brought hope to the region and beyond seem to have gone astray. The military has taken over in Egypt, while Libya, Syria and Yemen have descended into civil strife with tremendous human costs. Bahrain has witnessed repression that has overwhelmed the opposition, and while Tunisia, the country where Arab Spring began, has avoided the violence characterizing the aforementioned states, change has remained rather limited. As for other countries that rode on the same wave of mobilizations, hopes for democratic transformation have been subdued in some-what less violent contexts but with varying degrees of pressure from the state. This article examines what has happened to the Arab Spring countries, why and what is required to democratically transform the region.
Compliance and Transformation in the Asia-Pacific Region
and researchers who, it is hoped, will behave differently, and who can give an account of their own transformation. To understand this split between capacity for ethics taking the form of measurable compliance, and it inhering within the newfound