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Life in the ant trails

Cocaine and caustic circuits in Bissau

Henrik Vigh

This article looks ethnographically at the cocaine trade in and through Bissau, Guinea-Bissau. It clarifies some of the less obvious aspects of illegal cross-border trade and ties the minor flow of drugs, often trafficked by the desperate and disenfranchised, to larger global dynamics. While international media and commentators alike frequently depict transnational organized crime as a pathogen attacking the healthy global order, a closer look at the Bissau cocaine trade clarifies that the trade is neither external nor parasitical but integral to it. The trade’s grasp of Bissau is anchored in enduring critical circumstance, stretching from the social to the political, and displays several ironic feedback loops and interdependencies linking misfortune in time and space. The article thus shows how negative conditions may travel and circulate in a manner that ramifies vulnerability across economic and political borders.

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Doing <em>bizness</em>

Migrant smuggling and everyday life in the Maghreb

Line Richter

Drawing on extensive fieldwork among Malian migrants and connection men, this article investigates the sociality of facilitating migrant journeys and illegal border crossings in the Maghreb. Dominant discourses portray smugglers as participating in highly organized networks of unscrupulous people taking advantage of innocent migrants. I counter such narratives by zooming in on West African migrants involved in the facilitation of illegal border crossings. This bizness consists of ensembles of temporary practices and relations embedded in everyday life with linkages to historical and regional practices of brokering and hosting. This perspective invites us to move conceptually from focusing on different (stereo) types of smugglers to considering smuggling practices; to make sense of the phenomenon, we need to pay less attention to fixed social positions and more to the transient social poses adopted by those involved.

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Steve Kwok-Leung Chan

Transnational Organized Crime (UNCTOC) defines human trafficking as: The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the

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Managing a Multiplicity of Interests

The Case of Irregular Migration from Libya

Melissa Phillips

United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime. UN Doc. A/55/383 . https://www.unodc.org/documents/southeastasiaandpacific/2011/04/som-indonesia/convention_smug_eng.pdf . UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) . 2018

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Timothy M. Shaw and Abigail Kabandula

people as global commodities crash, exacerbated by COVID-19. Conversely, transnational organized crime is increasingly “transnational” with the proliferation of (young/male) gangs from myriad states. In response, regional studies need to develop

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Policy coherence for development and migration

Analyzing US and EU policies through the lens of normative transformation

Harlan Koff

US and the EU Globalization has de-territorialized international security politics since the end of the Cold War, and migration has been embedded in these debates as non-State threats to security (terrorism, transnational organized crime, etc.) have

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State and Warfare in Mexico

The Case of Ayotzinapa

Alessandro Zagato

implementation in a region rich in resources and bio-diversity. The Merida Initiative is a security cooperation agreement between the United States, Mexico, and the countries of Central America, aimed at fighting drug trafficking, transnational organized crime

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Danger, Moral Opacity, and Outrage

Fear of Jihadism and the Terrorist Threat in Southern Mali

Tone Sommerfelt

by Haidara. 4 I wish to thank one of the anonymous reviewers for bringing this point to my attention. 5 For a general overview of the emergence of West Africa as a “hub” for transnational organized crime, see Aning and Salihu (2014) . 6 The High

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From Ecuador to Elsewhere

The (Re)Configuration of a Transit Country

Soledad Álvarez Velasco

, arrived directly by plane from their home countries and entered Ecuador regularly. Far from being impoverished, irregularized migrants supposedly linked to transnational organized crime networks, as the press reports published on Ecuadorean media usually

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Frauke Mennes, John P. Hayes, David Kloos, Martha Lagace, Morten Koch Andersen, Somdeep Sen, Matthew Porges, and Sa’ed Atshan

model of transnational organized crime, and the final part examines the linkages between policy reforms in Mexico’s energy sector and controversial security policies that have been used against TCOs. Los Zetas Inc . is based on qualitative research