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Life in the ant trails

Cocaine and caustic circuits in Bissau

Henrik Vigh

understanding of such developments. While academics and commentators often talk about transnational organized crime (TOC) as a pathogen or plague, simultaneously external to, but parasitical on, the global order, an ethnographic approach clarifies the intrinsic

Open access

Doing bizness

Migrant smuggling and everyday life in the Maghreb

Line Richter


Drawing on extensive fieldwork among Malian migrants and connection men, this article investigates the sociality of facilitating migrant journeys and illegal border crossings in the Maghreb. Dominant discourses portray smugglers as participating in highly organized networks of unscrupulous people taking advantage of innocent migrants. I counter such narratives by zooming in on West African migrants involved in the facilitation of illegal border crossings. This bizness consists of ensembles of temporary practices and relations embedded in everyday life with linkages to historical and regional practices of brokering and hosting. This perspective invites us to move conceptually from focusing on different (stereo)types of smugglers to considering smuggling practices; to make sense of the phenomenon, we need to pay less attention to fixed social positions and more to the transient social poses adopted by those involved.

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Anthropological criminology 2.0

David Sausdal and Henrik Vigh

international policy makers and pundits. As the United Nations Office on Drugs Crime stressed in its report The Globalization of Crime: A Transnational Organized Crime Threat Assessment , contemporary issues of criminal activity, and the policing and prevention

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Deprivation of citizenship, undocumented labor and human trafficking

Myanmar migrant workers in Thailand

Steve Kwok-Leung Chan

Transnational Organized Crime (UNCTOC) defines human trafficking as: The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the

Open access

Managing a Multiplicity of Interests

The Case of Irregular Migration from Libya

Melissa Phillips

, Sea and Air, Supplementing the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime. UN Doc. A/55/383 . . UNHCR (United Nations High

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Rethinking “new regionalisms” out of Africa 2020

Timothy M. Shaw and Abigail Kabandula

people as global commodities crash, exacerbated by COVID-19. Conversely, transnational organized crime is increasingly “transnational” with the proliferation of (young/male) gangs from myriad states. In response, regional studies need to develop

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Policy coherence for development and migration

Analyzing US and EU policies through the lens of normative transformation

Harlan Koff

US and the EU Globalization has de-territorialized international security politics since the end of the Cold War, and migration has been embedded in these debates as non-State threats to security (terrorism, transnational organized crime, etc.) have

Open access

Policing at a distance and that human thing

An appreciative critique of police surveillance

David Sausdal

Copenhagen's greater metropolitan area. As their names suggest, the task forces were focused on transnational, organized crimes of burglary and pickpocketing—two types of crime regularly committed by what the police and policy makers term “foreign, cross

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Danger, Moral Opacity, and Outrage

Fear of Jihadism and the Terrorist Threat in Southern Mali

Tone Sommerfelt

by Haidara. 4 I wish to thank one of the anonymous reviewers for bringing this point to my attention. 5 For a general overview of the emergence of West Africa as a “hub” for transnational organized crime, see Aning and Salihu (2014) . 6 The High

Open access

From Ecuador to Elsewhere

The (Re)Configuration of a Transit Country

Soledad Álvarez Velasco

migrants, such as Cubans, Haitians, or Dominicans, arrived directly by plane from their home countries and entered Ecuador regularly. Far from being impoverished, irregularized migrants supposedly linked to transnational organized crime networks, as the