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Ideology Critique for the Environmental Social Sciences: What Reproduces the Treadmill of Production?

Ryan Gunderson

capitalism, is foundational to our environmental crisis, like Schnaiberg’s (1980; Gould et al. 2008 ) “treadmill of production” thesis (discussed below), why is it “easier to imagine the end of the world than to imagine the end of capitalism” ( Jameson 2003

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Environmental Expertise as Group Belonging

Environmental Sociology Meets Science and Technology Studies

Rolf Lidskog and Göran Sundqvist

sociology: the treadmill of production, risk society, and ecological modernization. We conclude that these theories are not clear about either what expertise is or how to balance scientism and powerism. Therefore, we turn to science and technology studies

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Is Labor Green?

A Cross-National Panel Analysis of Unionization and Carbon Dioxide Emissions

Camila Huerta Alvarez, Julius Alexander McGee, and Richard York

processes—is connected with CO 2 emissions. The treadmill of production (ToP) ( Gould et al. 2008 ; Schnaiberg 1980 ), one of the predominant theories aiming to explain the forces behind environmental problems, argues that capital, state, and labor work

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Financing the Climate

How the Process of Financialization Changes the Relationship between CO2 Emissions and GDP per Capita

Patrick Trent Greiner, Julius Alexander McGee, and Ethan P. Gibbons

between such economic changes and environmental pressure, we turn to a discussion of Treadmill of Production theory (ToP) ( Schnaiberg 1980 ). ToP provides a means of conceptualizing the way socioeconomic activity has served to damage environmental quality

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Out of Sight, Out of Mind

The Invisible Society of Waste in Singapore

Ng Xin Hui, Kuan Shu Wen, and Md Saidul Islam

replicated and emulated as a model city across Asia and beyond. Theoretical Frameworks For a deeper understanding and analysis of our theoretical puzzle, we draw on the treadmill of production (TOP), the ecological modernization approach (EMA), and

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The Environmental Impacts of Militarization in Comparative Perspective: An Overlooked Relationship

Andrew K. Jorgenson, Brett Clark, and Jennifer E. Givens

Drawing from emergent areas of sociological research and theorization, the authors consider the environmental impacts of militaries from a comparative-international perspective. The article begins with an overview of treadmill of production and treadmill of destruction theories, the latter of which highlights the expansionary tendencies and concomitant environmental consequences of militarization. This theoretical overview is followed by a narrative assessment of military growth and energy consumption, with a particular focus on the US military over the past century. Next, the authors detail the various environmental impacts associated with the growth and structure of national militaries, briefly discuss potential future research directions, and conclude by calling for scholars in future studies on society/nature relationships to seriously consider the environmental and ecological impacts of the world's militaries.

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Building Walls, Destroying Borderlands

Repertoires of Militarization on the United States–Mexico Border

Jennifer G. Correa and Joseph M. Simpson

buildup and exacerbate environmental harms. TOD theory emerged largely in response to a dominant theoretical framework in environmental sociology—Treadmill of Production (TOP) theory, which argues that capitalist production increases environmental

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Certification Regimes in the Global Agro-Food System and the Transformation of the Nature-Society Relationship

Ecological Modernization or Modernization of Ecology?

Md Saidul Islam

Marxism, treadmill of production, and world systems theory, ecological modernization's emphasis is on reforming or modernizing the system rather than radically changing it ( Gould and Lewis 2009 ; Hannigan 2006 ; Islam 2013 , 2019 ). Like its

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Overconsumption as Ideology

Implications for Addressing Global Climate Change

Diana Stuart, Ryan Gunderson, and Brian Petersen

treadmill of production increasing in scale and speed ( Schnaiberg 1980 ). Their unknowing work to keep the treadmill going depends on a lack of consciousness about their role. But how is it that individuals do not recognize how they are being used for this

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Green Out of the Blue, or How (Not) to Deal with Overfed Oceans

An Analytical Review of Coastal Eutrophication and Social Conflict

Alix Levain, Carole Barthélémy, Magalie Bourblanc, Jean-Marc Douguet, Agathe Euzen, and Yves Souchon

STS scholars and political ecologists, who aimed to historicize and scale up water problems. In this sense, coastal eutrophication directly echoes the treadmill of production and metabolic analysis of the commodification of nature ( Peluso 2012 ) and