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Murray Smith

's The Empathic Screen (2019) from the perspective of triangulation , the interdisciplinary framework that I introduce and defend in my Film, Art, and the Third Culture ( Smith 2020 ) (hereafter FATC ). The framework of triangulation as set out in

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Richard H. Weisberg

-within-the-Hebrew-Bible (which is its own form of hermeneutic ‘outsourcing’ on a grand scale); they saw triangulation (Greek messites ) as central to their faith. Paul – to Timothy – put it this way: ‘For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Jesus

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David Davies

that neurons supposedly having mirror properties can be “retrained” so that they fire when an agent performs an action of one type and observes an action of a completely different type. These kinds of concerns suggest that triangulation that takes

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The Eisenstein-Vygotsky-Luria Collaboration

Triangulation and Third Culture Debates

Julia Vassilieva

this collaboration a strategy of productive triangulation that harnesses three disciplinary perspectives: those of cultural psychology, neuropsychology, and film theory and practice. From Vygotsky's and Luria's Cultural-Historical Psychology to

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Film, Art, and the Third Culture

A Naturalized Aesthetics of Film—Précis

Murray Smith

. These strategies include “thick explanation” (which combines everyday and scientific psychology) and the “triangulation” of knowledge from experience, psychological theory, and neuroscientific data. In the second part of the book, I focus on the role of

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Development research

Convergent or divergent approaches and understandings of poverty? An introduction

John R. Campbell and Jeremy Holland

Is it possible or indeed desirable to combine qualitative, participatory and quantitative research methods and approaches to better understand poverty? This special section of Focaal seeks to explore a number of contentious, inter-related issues that arise from multimethod research that is driven by growing international policy concerns to reduce global poverty. We seek to initiate an interdisciplinary dialog about the limits of methodological integration by examining existing research practice to better understand the strengths and limitations of combining methods which derive from different epistemological premises. We ask how methods might be combined to better address issues of causality, and whether the concept of triangulation offers a possible way forward. In examining existing research we find little in the way of shared understanding about poverty and, due to the dominance of econometrics and its insistence on using household surveys, very little middle ground where other disciplines might collaborate to rethink key conceptual and methodological issues.

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Cranes, Drones and Eisenstein

A Neurohumanistic Approach to Audio/Visual Gestures

Anna Kolesnikov

it has fueled provide the necessary empirical framework to operationalize Eisenstein's theory of gesture, building on his initial triangulation of psychophysiology with film aesthetics. Thus, in our continuing “re-appropriation” of his legacy, we

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Community and Creativity in the Classroom

An Experiment in the Use of the Guest Interview, Focus Group Interviews and Learning Journals in the Teaching and Learning of the Anthropology of Modern Dance

Jonathan Skinner and Kirk Simpson

This article assesses the experimental teaching and learning of an anthropology module on 'modern dance'. It reviews the teaching and learning of the modern dances (lecture, observation, embodied practice, guest interview), paying attention to the triangulation of investigation methods (learning journal, examination, self-esteem survey, focus group interview). Our findings suggest that—in keeping with contemporary participatory educational approaches—students prefer guest interviews and 'performances of understanding' for teaching and learning, and that focus groups and learning journals were the preferred research methods for illuminating the students' teaching and learning experience.

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Cartographies of Communicability and the Anthropological Archive

Civil War Executions and the Harvard Irish Study

Brigittine French

This article traces ideological constructions of communication that enable powerful actors to determine what counts as silences, lies and surpluses in efficacious narratives about violence (Briggs 2007) in order to elucidate occlusions regarding legacies of the Civil War in the Irish Free State. It does so through a precise triangulation of multiple competing and overlapping narratives from unpublished fieldnotes, interviews, published ethnographies and other first-person accounts. The inquiry highlights social memories of the Irish Civil War that have been 'assumed, distorted, misunderstood, manipulated, underestimated, but most of all, ignored' (Dolan 2003: 2). The article argues that the excesses of the anthropological archive make the recuperation of a multiplicity of collective memories possible through a linguistic anthropological perspective that enumerates the kind of erasures at play in contentious memory-making moments, highlights polyvocality in metapragmatic discourse and tracks the gaps in entextualisation processes of historical narratives about political turmoil.

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Afterword

What is an institution?

João de Pina‐Cabral

What is an institution? We successively examine definitions provided by Durkheim, Mauss, Parsons, Goffman and Berger, and Luckman. Whilst anthropologists acknowledge that the stuff of human institutions is ‘the combination of modes of action with modes of thinking’, somehow they have seen the epitome of that embodied in the compulsory organisations of modern, state‐run, Western society. The paper argues for the abandonment of representational solutions, which operate with a Cartesian view of mind; sociocentric solutions, which view groupness as unitary and teleological; and individualist solutions that fail to see people as constituted in ontogeny through intersubjective attunement. Human sociality and human understanding must not be separated from the world, but persons do not pre‐exist intersubjective attunement and this operates through a process of triangulation between self, other and world where all elements are intrinsically involved.