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Three Concepts of Tyranny in Western Medieval Political Thought

Cary J. Nederman

pronounced linguistic and intellectual shift has been ascribed to “the predominance of historicism, which emphasized incommensurable differences among regimes, as well as styles of thought, epochs, and cultures.” 1 The disappearance of concern about tyranny

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The Concept of Despotism and l'abus des mots

Melvin Richter

In this article, the author applies the methodology of Begriffsgeschichte to the study of the concept of despotism in France, focusing mainly on the eighteenth century and the Revolution. During this period despotism became a basic concept (Grundbegriff), and thus highly contested. At the same time, the concept's long history, which stretches back to antiquity and includes the semantic boundaries that previously made it indistinguishable from "tyranny," created a diachronic thrust against which anyone seeking to add a new meaning or application had to work. Finally, as other key concepts, despotism produced political consequences unanticipated and undesired by those using it, not only major theorists but also pamphleteers, in a number of intensely fought conflicts which helped bring down the monarchy.

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Use and Role of the Concepts of Tyrrany and Tyrannicide During the French Revolution

Raymonde Monnier

Departing from Mario Turchetti's study on the concept of tyranny and tyrannicide, the author sets out to explore its specific use in the political discourse in the eighteenth century. Originally, as in the works of Plato and Montesquieu, tyranny was used in reference to degenerate forms of government. Tyranny and tyrannicide gained additional significance with its inclusion in the virulent discourse during the radicalization of the French Revolution. Based on the myth of Brutus and other classical sources, anti-tyrannical rhetoric in the form revolutionary literature and propaganda spurted political activism. As the figure of the king became the main obstacle to liberty and the foundation of a new republic, tyranny and tyrannicide became key concepts in the revolutionary movements.

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Between Tyranny and Self-Interest

Why Neo-republicanism Disregards Natural Rights

David Guerrero and Julio Martínez-Cava Aguilar

political and legal institution should be justifiable and accountable to any member of the political community – or even to any member of humanity – became an omen of plebeian tyranny. These arguments were updated by the emergent French liberalism. Their

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Politics, Sociability and the Constitution of Collective Life

Will Rollason and Eric Hirsch

exercised by ‘bad’ people in the face of tyranny: ‘Consequentlie neither doe bad men hate Tirants, but have been alwaies readiest with the falsifi'd names of Loyalty and Obedience, to colour over their base compliances’ ( 1649a: 1 ). In Milton's terms

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Confronting Tyranny in a Public Health Agency

Crafting a ‘Philosophy of Praxis’ into a ‘Community of Resistance’

Brian McKenna

anthropologist. A year later I learned that the kind of organisational tyranny that Carol was suffering had a name: mobbing ( Davenport et al. 1999 ). I was surprised to learn that one of the three authors of Mobbing: Emotional Abuse in the American Workplace

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Shakespeare and Tyranny: Regimes of Reading in Europe and Beyond

Safi Mahmoud Mahfouz

Shakespeare and Tyranny: Regimes of Reading in Europe and Beyond , edited by Keith Gregor ( Newcastle upon Tyne : Cambridge Scholars Publishing , 2014 ), 281 pp. This volume collects thirteen critical essays that together deliver a

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The Tyranny of Time and Space—Weakened but Not Vanquished

Comment on Special Section on Media and Mobility

Patricia L. Mokhtarian

People have exchanged messages across distances of space or time since the dawn of human history. Modern technologies, for both travel and telecommunication, have vastly increased the speed and reach of our communication potential, but the difference from the past is not just one of degree: at least one difference in kind is the convergence of information/computing technology with communication technology (ICT), and specifically the emergence of the (now-mobile) internet. Relationships between ICT and travel are numerous, complex, and paradoxical. Speculation that “modern“ ICT could substitute for travel virtually coincided with the invention of the telephone, but scholars as early as the 1970s also realized the potential for mutual synergy and generation. Although ICT and travel have diminished the tyranny of space, they cannot be said to have conquered it.

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Urban Decay or the Uncanny Return of Dionysus

An Analysis of the Ruins in Shelley's ‘Ozymandias’

Roohollah Datli Beigi, Pyeaam Abbasi, and Zahra Jannessari Ladani

Following the same regeneration-follows-destruction pattern and depicting the Dionysian elements of the ruins, the desert and dismemberment, Shelley's sonnet ‘Ozymandias’ (1818) not only expresses the poet's profoundly eternal hatred of tyranny and corrupt

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The Rise of Despotic Majoritarianism

Benjamin Abrams

legitimacy, while engaging in administrative despotism that constrains political expression and participation. In this system, powerholders rely on procedural indicators of majoritarian support to transgress political boundaries (tyranny of the majority