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Eluding the Esculacho

A Masculinities Perspective on the Enduring Warrior Ethos of Rio de Janeiro's Police

Celina Myrann Sørbøe

Abstract

The Police “Pacification” Unit (Unidade de Polícia Pacificadora—UPP) program in Rio de Janeiro pledged to pacify both militarized police officers and the communities they patrolled: favelas occupied by armed drug traffickers. While the UPPs promoted a softer approach, police practices remained permeated with logics of violence. In understanding why, this article examines how an enduring “warrior ethos” influences the occupational culture of the police. I frame this warrior ethos by reference to notions of masculinity and honor both in the police culture and in the favela, and approach the warrior as a masculine performance. This masculinities perspective on the ways in which policing activities are framed and enacted provides important insights into why it was so difficult to change police attitudes and practices.

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Xandra Miguel-Lorenzo

criminalising femicide. 4 This article considers how the staged violent match between the cholita and the colonel relates first to the problem of urban security, in El Alto and in La Paz more widely, particularly the problem of violence against women in an

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Introduction

Exceptionalism and Necropolitical Security Dynamics in Olympic Rio de Janeiro

Margit Ystanes and Tomas Salem

existing discourses of security and an intensification of necropolitical modes of governance that have been active throughout Brazilian history. We contribute to critical urban security studies by emphasizing the importance of context sensitive analysis

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Reclaiming the streets

Black urban insurgency and antisocial security in twenty-first-century Philadelphia

Jeff Maskovsky

politics and security illuminates the complexity of new power relations and political and governing imaginaries that are reshaping the urban core in cities like Philadelphia. Antisocial security: A new form of urban security In Philadelphia and other major

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Performing humanitarian militarism

Public security and the military in Brazil

Stephanie Savell

urban security operations. After the end of the dictatorship in 1985, the first significant military intervention in public security was for a 1992 UN environmental summit in Rio. In 1994 and 1995, Operation Rio made soldiers responsible for security in

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“Going vertical” in times of insecurity

Constructing proximity and distance through a Kenyan gated high-rise

Zoë Goodman

working in Nairobi have pointed out, this interlocking frequently translates into various urban security concerns—such as violent crime and police corruption—being subsumed under the language of “terror” ( Glück 2017 ). Terrorism in Kenya, as elsewhere, is

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The Permeable Olympic Fortress

Mega-Event Security as Camouflage in Rio de Janeiro

Dennis Pauschinger

explore how such measures are implemented and adapted to host cities that already present high levels of urban security challenges, principally in the societies of the so-called “Global South” ( Giulianotti and Klauser 2009: 53 ). There has been

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Racialized Governance

The Production and Destruction of Secure Spaces in Olympic Rio de Janeiro

Margit Ystanes and Alexandre Magalhães

during this historical moment in Rio reinforced the spatial and social reproduction of entrenched, racialized hierarchies. Acknowledgments We extend our gratitude to the participants of the workshop “Ethnographies of Urban Securities: Race

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Emergent Police States

Racialized Pacification and Police Moralism from Rio's Favelas to Bolsonaro

Tomas Salem and Bjørn Enge Bertelsen

be understood as a modern colonial formation. In what can be read as an elaboration of—and addition to—their nuanced and rich analyses, we use postcolonial theory to examine how authoritarian moralism and urban security practices in the favelas