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Steffen Dalsgaard

The adoption of the Kyoto Protocol was a major breakthrough in committing industrialized countries to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases, even if the effect is disputed. The protocol works through mechanisms that ascribe value to the environment in terms of those emissions—a numerical value based on carbon, which is then translated into a monetary value. This article reviews the different understandings of value implicated in debates about the environment seen through carbon. It does this by contrasting the values embedded in some of the various initiatives that have resulted from the Kyoto Protocol, and how they relate to the market, government control, and individual consumer morality, among other things. Controversy over carbon trading is entangled in the capacity of carbon to commensurate a wide range of human and non-human actions via their cost in emissions, which nevertheless is countered by moral differentiation.

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Grégory Dallemagne, Víctor del Arco, Ainhoa Montoya, and Marta Pérez

This commentary seeks to engage the issue of 'impact' in social anthropology by scrutinising the topic of open access. Drawing on the discussions that took place at the international conference 'FAQs about Open Access: The Political Economy of Knowledge in Anthropology and Beyond', held in October 2014 in Madrid, we suggest that addressing the topic of open access allows a two-fold goal. On one hand, it elucidates that public debates about open access rely on a rather minimalist notion of openness that does not yield an adequate understanding of what is at stake in those debates. On the other, we argue that expanding the notion of openness does not only allow us to revisit the debate concerning what we do as academics, how we do it and what its value is, but also to do so going beyond current notions of 'impact' and 'public value' underpinned by the principle of economic efficiency in a context of increasingly reduced research funds.

Open access

Valuing Care

Community Workers and Bureaucratic Violence in Global Health

Ayaz Qureshi

In this article, I explore the contradictory demands of ‘participation’ and ‘bureaucratisation’ in Pakistan’s HIV sector. Local models of relatedness, personhood and informal networks, and the particular social and emotional skills of development workers were co-opted under the rubric of ‘participation’ while rolling-out projects for community care, yet the affect, relations of trust and confidence built by community workers during their work were not translated into templates for reporting-up project impact. Technologically less equipped workers were either forced to extend their roles into report-writing, template-filling and indicator-measuring or driven out of the HIV sector altogether during the process of scaling-up. This, I ague, is a form of bureaucratic violence that undermines community care. It draws attention to moving beyond the metrics-driven data determinism of global health.

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Peter Jones, Michael Butler, Taylor Smith, Matthew C. Eshleman, and David Detmer

Three articles analyze David Detmer’s first book on Sartre, Freedom as a Value. Peter Jones argues that Sartre uses freedom in only one sense, as freedom to choose, whereas Detmer argues that Sartre distinguishes between freedom of choice (“ontological freedom”) and freedom of obtaining (“practical freedom”). Michael Butler’s paper contends that under a Sartrean framework, any moral judgment we make regarding our own action is never final; the meaning and moral value of our past actions always remains reinterpretable in light of what unfolds in the future. Our interactions with other people reveal that we are responsible for far more than we had initially supposed ourselves to be choosing when we began our project, such that it is in fact impossible to ever finish taking responsibility completely. Taylor Smith and Matthew Eshleman tackle Sartre’s supposed “subjectivism” from the opposite angle. They agree with Detmer that Sartre’s belief that values are mind-dependent does not necessarily entail ethical subjectivism, but argue that even the early Sartre was more fully committed to a cognitivist view of normative justification than Detmer allows. Detmer’s replies to all three essays round out this section and this issue.

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Patrick Keating

for the aesthetic value of Hollywood cinema as a whole—as a rich and varied tradition that includes both ordinary films and time-tested classics. He supports his argument with detailed examples from dozens of movies; the highlights include His Girl

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Demotion as Value

Rank Infraction among the Ngadha in Flores, Indonesia

Olaf H. Smedal

Taking up the issue of whether the study of values is best served by monist or pluralist accounts, Joel Robbins (2013: 102) notes that debates over these issues center on the nature of the relations between values. Inspired by Louis Dumont

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Kaitlin Mondello

Timothy Clark. 2019. The Value of Ecocriticism. New York: Cambridge University Press. Eduardo V. Oyarzun, Rebeca G. Valverde, Noelia M. García, María C. Jiménez, and Rebeca C. Sánchez, eds. 2020. Avenging Nature: The Role of Nature in

Open access

Sara Selwood

sector is represented in the literature. Based on more than two hundred items, it considers the social and economic values attributed to the sector and the involvement of different social science and cultural sector constituencies, and it deliberates on

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Francesco Venturi

The purpose of this article is to show how thinking in terms of value can offer a meaningful strategy for addressing the issues of curating live music. The research started in 2018 and is based on interviews, theoretical development and

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Rogue or Lover

Value-Maximizing Interpretations of Withnail and I

Peter Alward

goal here is to argue that value-maximizing interpretive projects have a point as well. Two Interpretive Projects As mentioned earlier, an interpretive project is a procedure for generating interpretations of works of narrative fiction. It consists of a