Participation in organized political violence creates lasting material and social legacies for veteran combatants. Insights into how state authorities, veterans, and other citizens create former combatant identities have mostly emerged from
Defeated Militants and Enduring Revolutionary Social Values in Dhufar, Oman
Shifting provision, needs, and meanings of enterprise-centered pensioner care in eastern Germany
This article examines the ways in which different actors in eastern Germany incorporate socialist veteran care into the new economic and organizational framework of the trade union, the housing cooperative, and the reformed state enterprise itself. The complexities of the different meanings of this care are linked to the rapid socioeconomic changes in eastern Germany, which have challenged both expectations of the future as well as personal identities. The analysis describes the complex shifts in the source of provision and its regulation, which go beyond simple state/nonstate or formal/informal dichotomies. With unification social security practices have lost their previous material significance for former employees, but simultaneously have gained emotional value because they help to assure biographical continuity. These processes (re)create familiarity and community amid the profound economic restructuring after socialism.
Namibian Veteran Politics and African Citizenship Claims
Reintegration versus Veteran Politics After its prolonged independence war against South African occupation, Namibia inherited an ex-combatant population that both international and domestic policy makers soon identified as a key challenge
Convicted Military Officers in Post-authoritarian Argentina
Eva van Roekel and Valentina Salvi
After violence ceases, war veterans often reside in trouble, as their rights, responsibilities, belongings, and entitlements remain subject to a volatile moral domain of contestation and endorsement in post-conflict societies. In post
The Woman Veteran in Iulia Drunina's Postwar Poetry
Adrienne M. Harris
The article uses Soviet poet Iuliia Drunina's deeply personal and o en autobiographical poetry as a lens through which to view the woman veteran's experience, especially during the time of the state-promoted cult of World War II and the erosion of the cult during perestroika. Gender and World War II remain consistent themes in Drunina's poetry, but in her oeuvre, one finds an evolution in how the poet-veteran relates to the war. From 1942 on, Drunina consciously assumed the role of the voice for women soldiers, but as the war receded into the past and the number of veterans dwindled, Drunina began to write more frequently on behalf of veterans of both sexes. This article details numerous war and gender-related themes: gendered otherness during the war, demobilization, stereotypes of women soldiers, the sacred nature of the war, the duty to remember, front-line friendship, and the persistence of the war in veterans' lives.
The Politics of the Integration of Harkis After 1962
During the Algerian War of Independence (1954-1962), France mobilized tens of thousands of native Algerian soldiers, known as the harkis, for counterinsurgent operations directed against their own countrymen of the National Liberation Front. As recruits for the French army, the harkis were given French status, which was then revoked when Algeria gained its independence. France later accepted the harkis as veterans and “repatriates,” only to confine them in camps until the 1970s. The abuse of the harkis has been noted as a “forgotten” episode in French postcolonial history. This article argues that the harkis were far from having been “forgotten,” and in fact were considered important throughout the Fifth Republic as a powerful counterpoint to the more problematic immigrant Algerian population in France. The harkis represented the key tension in postcolonial France between the notion of an irrevocable civil status and a national identity that favored a Eurocentric culture.
War, Colonialism, and Zionism at a Mediterranean Crossroads, 1914–1920
from across the street at the Café du Paris, an institution usually frequented by French and Italian settlers, came opposing chants started by apparently drunk wounded veterans: “Down with the Jews!” and “Get rid of the Jews!” 3 One French witness
Bifurcated Veterans’ Mobilization and Political Order in Post-settlement El Salvador
“Taking into account the veterans’ families, we are more than 300,000 from both sides … How can they ignore us?” — Manuel Rodriguez, representative of armed forces veterans, Radio YSUCA, 16 January 2017 Recent years have seen the rise of
Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Finding Continuity in US Military Veterans’ Embodied Minds
members and the bomb-resistant armoured vehicles that allowed them to survive, with injuries. In this article, I examine how young American military veterans make sense of their combat-related mild TBI and the cognitive impairments they experience after
War Veterans and the Construction of Citizenship Categories
Nikkie Wiegink, Ralph Sprenkels, and Birgitte Refslund Sørensen
Rather than “becoming like everyone else,” war veterans often constitute a specific category of citizens. In war and postwar contexts, fighters and former fighters bring forward particular claims connected to their services or disservices to the