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Forced-Voluntary Return

An Intersectional Approach to Exploring “Voluntary” Return in Toronto, Canada

Tanya Aberman

Conceptualizations of return migration frequently position it as binary—either voluntary or forced (through deportation)—which offers a narrow picture of migrants’ motivations, agency, and actions. However, scholars have increasingly argued that

Open access

“Voluntary Return” without Civil Society?

How the Exclusion of Nongovernment Actors from the Austrian and British Return Regimes Affects the Quality of Voluntariness

Reinhard Schweitzer

So-called “assisted voluntary return” (AVR) policies aim to encourage and facilitate the relocation of unwanted noncitizens—primarily irregular migrants and (rejected) asylum seekers—to their countries of citizenship. Whether such return can be

Open access

Editorial Introduction

The Role of “Voluntariness” in the Governance of Migration

Reinhard Schweitzer, Rachel Humphris, and Pierre Monforte

The labeling of migration as either “forced” or “voluntary” has long been identified as a key dimension of how national governments respond to human mobility and, especially, how they “manage the undesirables” ( Agier 2011 ; see also Zetter 2007

Open access

The Institutionalization of “Voluntary” Returns in Turkey

Zeynep S. Mencutek

institutionalize “voluntary” returns with the support of IOs. This article examines this development in the case of Turkey, the largest refugee host and transit country on the eastern Mediterranean route of irregular movements toward Europe. It shows that the

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Assisted “voluntary” return of women to Kosovo

Rhetoric and reality within the framework of development

Sandra Sacchetti

destination grapple with the difficulties of forced returns, so-called assisted voluntary return (AVR) 2 programs are presented as the better and more humane alternative. AVR schemes facilitate the return of rejected asylum seekers and migrants in an

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Voluntary Withdrawals, Forced Resignations, Collective Retirements or Just Bad Fortune?

A Competing Risks Analysis of Ministerial Turnover in the German Länder (1990-2010)

Sebastian Jäckle

Introduction: Different Types of Terminal Events for Ministerial Turnover The tenure of ministers may end because of very different terminal events. Some ministers may step down voluntarily because they find other career options more

Open access

Democratic Procedures Are Not Inherently Democratic

A Critical Analysis of John Keane's The New Despotism (Harvard University Press, 2020)

Gergana Dimova

sustainability of using the democratic procedures in the new despotisms. For democratic procedures to further the aims of the new despotisms, the condition of “voluntary servitude” needs to be met. “Voluntary servitude” means that people willingly give in to

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Promises of Proximity as Articulated by Changing Moral Elites

Anders Sevelsted

The article analyzes the concepts used to designate voluntary practices in relation to social work during three central periods in Denmark: the late nineteenth century, the 1930s, and the 1980s. By analyzing the emergence and development of the

Free access

Refugee Hospitality Encounters in Northern Portugal

“Cultural Orientations” and “Contextual Protection”

Elizabeth Challinor

) argues that the possibility of hostility is always present in the host–guest relationship since a guest cannot claim rights. It is this tension between charity and rights, between voluntary commitments and legally binding obligations, that lies at the

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British Government Aid to French Émigrés and Early Humanitarian Relief during the French Revolution

Kirsty Carpenter

scope and severity of the problem, Lord Sheffield was one of the first to take a personal interest in the French émigrés and to provide money for French needs. 28 British relief was channeled through nongovernmental or voluntary bodies in the French