Bolte 2004 ; Mohai and Bryant 1992 ). Many studies have linked (social) vulnerability, that is, the ability of an individual to be resistant and resilient to climate hazards, to climate change and environmental hazards (see, e.g., Cutter et al. 2003
Unfairness as Critical to Energy Transitions
, scholars have increasingly used the framework of energy justice to investigate the implementation of sustainable energy transitions and climate policies, based on the claim that these may aggravate forms of social inequity and vulnerability ( Bickerstaff et
Framing Sex Differences in Childhood Infectious Disease Mortality
Heather T. Battles
). This concept of male frailty has come together in modern biology in what Roland Pongou (2013 , 2015) terms “the biological hypothesis.” The current health literature (i.e., since the 1980s) generally accepts male biological vulnerability as a given
Victoria C. Ramenzoni and David Yoskowitz
(FEMA), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) have all prioritized the development of metrics of community vulnerability, resilience, and well-being (Biedenweg et al
Joe Sacco’s Safe Area Goražde
Pramod K. Nayar
suffering and the costs of war, is also a chronicler of human resilience. In his case, however, resilience as he ‘draws’ and defines it serves a political purpose, and this is the subject of the present article. Examining the dialectic of vulnerability and
An Autoethnographic Exploration of Non-binary Queerness, Vulnerability, and Recognition in Step Out
Lara Bochmann and Erin Hampson
“vulnerability”; if it is defined as the ability to conform to normative ideals, then some bodies are constructed as more vulnerable than others ( Butler 2015 ). Vulnerability also plays a crucial role as locus of hurt and connection when navigating life in a
*Full article is in French
English abstract: The concept of “social construction“ associated with risks has proved to be an increasingly useful analytical tool among disaster experts. However, as is natural with the creation and evolution of theoretical concepts to explain reality, it has acquired different meanings. This, in some cases, has generated some confusion in its use. This paper attempts to clarify some of the variations of the concept “social construction of risk“ by studying and reviewing its main usages and contents. In particular, it looks at the concept's association with perception and with vulnerability. It is basically a theoretical essay intended to help scholars who study disasters so they can use more fluently one of the concepts that will allow them to better comprehend the object of their studies.
Spanish abstract: El concepto de “construcción social“ asociado con los riesgos ha demostrado una utilidad analítica cada vez mayor entre los estudiosos de los desastres. Sin embargo, como es natural que ocurra en la generación y evolución de planteamientos teóricos para la interpretación de la realidad, se le han atribuido significados diversos. Lo anterior ha contribuido en algunos casos a confusiones en su utilización. Este ensayo pretende contribuir a esclarecer algunas de las variaciones en el uso del concepto “construcción social del riesgo“ por medio del estudio y revisión de los principales manejos y contenidos que se le han dado, particularmente dos de ellos: el que lo asocia con la percepción y el que lo hace con la vulnerabilidad. Se trata de un ensayo básicamente de corte teórico, cuyo objetivo último es aportar elementos para que los estudiosos de los desastres puedan disponer con mayor fluidez de uno de los conceptos que permitan comprender el objeto de su estudio con más destreza.
French abstract: Le concept de « construction sociale » associé aux risques a démontré une utilité grandissante en tant qu'outil d'analyse pour les spécialistes qui étudient les catastrophes. Toutefois, comme c'est le cas de tout processus naturel de création et de développement des approches théoriques qui servent à l'interprétation de la réalité, des significations diverses ont été données à ce concept. Ce e diversité a contribué dans certains cas à créer des confusions dans son utilisation. Le présent article éclaircit des variations du concept de construction sociale du risque par l'étude et la révision des principaux usages et contenus qui lui ont été donnés, dont deux en particulier : celui qui l'associe à la perception, et celui qui l'associe à la vulnérabilité. Cet essai a comme objectif d'offrir une réflexion de nature théorique sur l'utilisation d'un des concepts fréquemment utilisés par ceux qui s'adonnent à l'étude des catastrophes.
Considering Social Science and the Production of Island Vulnerability and Opportunity
This article argues that climate change has influenced the way in which small island nations are viewed and understood by the international climate community. Climate change has become an internationally recognized and specific language of vulnerability that is deployed in requests for international aid to fund adaptation and mitigation measures in some small islands, for population relocation plans and human rights advocacy in other islands, and for overhauling the 'tourism product' and creating new markets for travel in others. Vulnerability is a powerful idiom, especially in the contemporary climate context that has come to imply crisis, change, uncertainty, and immediacy. Importantly, vulnerability also gestures unambiguously toward seemingly limitless scientific and even commercial opportunity. These developments come with new forms of expertise in the natural and social sciences and the travel industry, as well as with new or reinstated forms of inequity. As the areas of small island expertise increasingly overlap, they come to reproduce the very context and form of small islands themselves.
The Role of Bodily Integrity
Mar Cabezas and Gottfried Schweiger
different human areas are interconnected; this is especially relevant for moral damage and vulnerability in relation to girlhood. Assuming Dixon and Nussbaum’s (2012) perspective, we advocate for the connection between their approach to children’s rights
Examining the regulatory effects of documentary practices in a refugee settlement
Documents play an important role in the lives of refugees. However, little is known about the extent to which documents regulate the everyday lives of refugees and the anxieties of obtaining relevant paperwork for refugees seeking resettlement in the Global North. Although their lives are regulated by paperwork, refugees also use documents strategically to legitimise various claims and entitlements. This article shows how refugees interface with the administrative processes that seek to regulate their stay. Therefore, documentary practices become important tools through which processes and objectives of migration governance can be examined. This article seeks to contribute further insights on how the deployment of documents entrenches discourses of vulnerability, the role that paper regimes play in (re)producing processes of exclusion through administrative processes in humanitarian aid contexts and the revelations of documentary practices or paper regimes about those who govern and those who are governed by these practices.