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War Veterans and the Construction of Citizenship Categories

Nikkie Wiegink, Ralph Sprenkels, and Birgitte Refslund Sørensen

Rather than “becoming like everyone else,” war veterans often constitute a specific category of citizens. In war and postwar contexts, fighters and former fighters bring forward particular claims connected to their services or disservices to the

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The Good, the Bad, and the Awkward

The Making of War Veterans in Postindependence Mozambique

Nikkie Wiegink

Over a decade ago, Chris Alden (2002: 353) summarized the reintegration process of war veterans in Mozambique after the civil war by referring to a comment made by the famous American general Douglas MacArthur: “Old soldiers never die, they just

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The Debts of War

Bifurcated Veterans’ Mobilization and Political Order in Post-settlement El Salvador

Ralph Sprenkels

an increasingly belligerent veterans’ movement in El Salvador, which has forwarded its struggles both through institutional and extra-institutional channels, granting war veterans an important place on the postwar public stage. Democratic transition

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Masculinity, Disability, and Politics in Polish War-Disabled Memoirs (1971)

Wojciech Śmieja

martyrdom) of Polish “martial patriotism” 3 converged in official representations of the disabled bodies of war veterans under state socialism. War-disabled veterans also embodied another important political myth: the myth of the new strong socialist

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“Such a Poor Finish”

Illegitimacy, Murder, and War Veterans in England, 1918-1923

Ginger S. Frost

with that of a Boer War veteran charged with murder, Henry Williams. Williams hanged in 1902 despite his service, and his crime was similar: revenge against a wife he thought (incorrectly) was unfaithful. The much greater sacrifices required during

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Shakespeare's Clarence

The Medieval Shell-Shocked Soldier

Linhan Gan


This article argues that Shakespeare's George of Clarence is a war veteran traumatised by his wartime experience, and that he can be regarded as a prototype of the modern shell-shocked soldier. Seizing on Jonathan Shay's study on war trauma, it explores how Clarence becomes traumatised through a trajectory of degradation of personality due to his commander's breach of themis in 3Henry VI. Edward's breach of honour triggers the destabilisation of Clarence's character, which, the article argues, suffers a traumatic breakdown in consequence of the murdering of Prince Edward. Turning to Richard III, the article explores how Clarence is haunted by his war trauma by examining Clarence's insulation in the Tower of London, which powerfully symbolises the medieval veteran's post-war dilemma. The repetition of war trauma is further borne out by Clarence's nightmare, which, the article suggests, is not unlike the compulsive dream that occurs to the Freudian veteran after the Great War.

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Liberation Autochthony

Namibian Veteran Politics and African Citizenship Claims

Lalli Metsola

Global North ( McMullin 2013: 55–61 ; Neary and Granatstein 1998 ; Schafer 2007: 11–13 ). For example, Theda Skocpol (1992) , Alec Campbell (2003) , and Stephen Ortiz (2010) have documented how Civil War veteran pensions and twentieth

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The New Girl Loves Chemistry

The Story of a Forgotten Era

Katherine Darvesh

such, after a period of decades of evidence to the contrary. It must also be pointed out that men were returning from the First World War, and career women were seen to be taking away the jobs of these returning war veterans. Sadly, the inter-war era

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Public Health in Eastern Europe

Visible Modernization and Elusive Gender Transformation

Evguenia Davidova

body. The other two chapters in this section question the postulate that the world wars represented a rupture with the past, and instead, emphasize some continuities. Accordingly, the propagandistic use of war veterans’ well-being in the Soviet Union

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Indignity in Cash Transfers

The Senior Citizen’s Grant in Uganda

Grace Bantebya Kyomuhendo

tell me about the SCG, they first asked to see my voter’s card. Then I knew for sure that this money must be from the government to reward its loyal voters. That’s why those without voter’s cards were left out.” 1 The bush war veterans, however, were