Through the history of the short-lived 1947 radio show La Tribune de l’Invalide, this article examines how the social and political context of the Liberation offered disability activists a unique opportunity to demand pensions, medical care, and social services hitherto denied to them by the French state. Drawing on transcripts of the broadcasts and correspondence between listeners and the show’s host Maurice Didier, the article demonstrates how disability activists played a pivotal, if little acknowledged, role in the construction of the postwar welfare state by highlighting French society’s historic neglect of disabled civilians.
Social Rights and the Nationalization of Welfare in France, 1800-1947
Kristen Stromberg Childers
Timothy B. Smith, Creating the Welfare State in France, 1880-1940 (Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2003).
Janet R. Horne, A Social Laboratory for Modern France: The Musée Social and the Rise of the Welfare State (Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2002).
Paul V. Dutton, Origins of the French Welfare State: The Struggle for Social Reform in France, 1914-1947 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
A Comparative Analysis of Welfare States and Social Unrest
This article examines data from the Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive and the Comparative Welfare Entitlements Dataset on protest events, levels of welfare generosity (the extent to which welfare protection is provided by non-market actors), and welfare state regimes in 18 advanced industrialized countries across the period 1971–2002. Using a direct measure of protest events in terms of frequency of riots, demonstrations, general strikes, political assassinations, and attempted revolutions, the article finds that there is a significant relationship between welfare generosity, welfare state regimes, and protest events. The findings demonstrate that more extensive welfare arrangements—conceptualized through the use of empirical data—not only ameliorate social disadvantages and thus legitimate market economies and capital accumulation, but also bring about stability and social order.
Frida Hastrup and Marianne Elisabeth Lien
, and welfare state policies play out in the making, managing, and developing of natural resources in the Nordic Arctic? How are global trade, histories of colonial activity, experiences of scarcity, scientific innovation, and national ambition
The Role of the State
This article highlights the peculiarities of the activities concerning the role of the state in the sociocultural/welfare dimension and its actualization as “welfare state” in the future. It takes into account the consequences of the interaction
Promises of Proximity as Articulated by Changing Moral Elites
even more “proximate” and no longer distant. Third, in the 1980s, voluntarism was then rediscovered across the political field as an answer to the welfare state's perceived fiscal crisis and legitimacy crisis, and by left-leaning social researchers, who
Moral Outrage, Responsiveness, and State Accountability in Denmark
classic assumption that state bureaucracy is a dehumanizing and alienating machine ( Arendt  1985 ; Bauman 1986 ) that detaches the state from society. Scholarly studies of welfare state interventions have challenged this position, arguing that
On 24 July 2009, in reaction to a ruling by the European Court of
Justice regarding the different retirement ages for men and women
in the public employment sector, the Italian government introduced
further “subtractive” (or consolidating) reforms to the pension sector
(after the series of measures that were adopted starting in 1992), in
order to equilibrate the conditions of access to retirement between
the two sexes. At the same time, the saving in expenditure obtained
through pension reform was directed to the social assistance sector,
traditionally atrophied in Italy and even today very undeveloped in
comparative perspective. This is of particular interest in light of the
noteworthy, and anomalous, imbalance of the Italian welfare state to
the benefit of the retirement system for the protection of the el
Religious and Sociological Foundations of Social Policy Rationality
The article aims to contribute to the sociological theory of the welfare state by addressing a fundamental puzzle of social policy, namely, the weakness of its claim to be a rational effort of society dealing with problems of social integration. Drawing on the work of Franz-Xaver Kaufmann, I distinguish between the cultural or ideational side of the welfare state and the social engineering or outcome side, arguing to take the rhetoric and symbolism of social policy more seriously. The integration of society is more due to the communicative action of social policy than to its organizational quality. As early as the axial age civilizations, symbolism and ideology emerged as an autonomous field of social conflict and societal union. Taking ancient Israel as an example, I argue that societal integration may take place even in the absence of strong institutional correlates of social politics. This can help to explain why the welfare state in modern society is compatible with ever-increasing economic and social inequality.
Participation and Spectacle
The events and sites of a national holiday (17 May in Bergen, Norway) are the grounds from which to draw out meanings of nationalism and tradition, and analyze ideologies of egalitarianism and individualism in a social democratic welfare state. My project has two aims: to open up and deconstruct aspects of the material and symbolic life of the city, and to engage an examination of patterns of local and national community life in relation to shifting evaluations of localism and nationalism within the a changing state formation. Bergen can be thought of as a case study of social order and control, with women, children, and reverence for home life, highlighted in the town’s celebrations. The symbolism of the day discovers community and state in a difficult relation between domestic communities and nationalist ideology in the maintenance of governmentality, a relation mediated by the city itself.