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Beyond Comparativism

Israel's Welfare History in a Non-European Comparative Perspective

Arie Krampf

Despite years of research, there is still no agreement regarding the right way to portray Israel's welfare regime during the first decade following statehood. Some scholars portray it as a regime characterized by social solidarity and a socialist

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The Long-Term Destabilization of Youth, Scarring Effects, and the Future of the Welfare Regime in Post-Trente Glorieuses France

Louis Chauvel

"Youth" was once defined as the 15 to 24 year old age group. Today in France one sees a "first youth" (dependent on family and school) and a "second youth" in their twenties sharply divided between a successful elite with top degrees (or family wealth) and a highly marginalized workingclass. Between these extremes, a middle group often experiences frustration and anomie when their university degrees fail to launch the careers they desired. A "third youth" of thirty-somethings has also emerged still dependent on their families and the state. The French corporatist welfare regime, moreover, makes women, immigrants, and the young structural outsiders who must compete harder than Caucasian middle-aged men for jobs. Setbacks early in life in the labor market have long-term consequences (scarring effects) both for individuals and for the birth cohort as a whole. The political consequences are difficult to forecast, but much of the recent political volatility in France can be traced to these generational dynamics and failure to integrate youth since the late 1970s.

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Religious Cleavages, Divisions on the Left and the Political Economy of Southern Europe

Philip Manow

The article addresses the relationship between party systems and welfare state regimes in Europe. It argues that the European party systems show a systematic variation with respect to the electoral success of communist parties – which is argued to be related to the intensity of past conflicts between the nation-state and the Catholic Church in the mono-confessional countries of Europe's south. The article presents empirical evidence for the manifestation of the pro-clerical/anti-clerical cleavage in the party systems of Southern Europe and sketches the consequences for the political economy of these countries. The article demonstrates the impact of religious cleavages (rather than the conflict between capital and labor) on the shape of social policy in a country. The Southern European variety of the welfare state differs markedly from the Continental and Northern European varieties, with fragmented and particularistic provisions, decentralized occupation-based social security, strong insider-outsider cleavages and a weak state. This testifies to the broad range of meanings the "social" may assume.

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Protest Events, Welfare Generosity, and Welfare State Regimes

A Comparative Analysis of Welfare States and Social Unrest

David Pritchard

many advanced nations, such as the United Kingdom, switch from models of social security to a limited conditional welfare regime supported by increasing levels of surveillance and punishment ( Cain 2013 ; Wacquant 2007 ). Yet, there are important

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Israel as a Case Study in Processes of Nation-Building

Avi Bareli and Tal Elmaliach

early decades of the state to challenge Esping-Andersen's (1990) theory of the welfare regime. Krampf contends that this theory is Eurocentric and does not apply to most late-developing, semi-peripheral countries such as those in East Asia and Israel

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On the Politics of Feminist Knowledge Production in the Post-Yugoslav Space

Chiara Bonfiglioli

’s emancipation in the socialist system as well as with their engagements against the “repatriarchalization” of gender and welfare regimes in post-Yugoslav nation-states. The contributors are adopting a postcolonial and postsocialist stance, challenging the

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Battlegrounds of dependence

Reconfiguring labor, kinship and relational obligation

Keir Martin, Ståle Wig, and Sylvia Yanagisako

: 123–125 ). Battles over the extent to which kin are responsible for each other or should be independent of each other are neither separate from nor mere outcomes of the operations of a global political economy and national welfare regimes. As access

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Book Reviews

Kelsey Hanrahan, Sarah Kunz, Milla Mineva, Kara Moskowitz, Till Mostowlansky, Cosmin Popan, and Vera Radeva Hadjiev

Hromadzic depicts why elderly people in postwar and post-socialist Bosnia and Herzegovina have been neglected by both state and welfare regimes. Social and financial deprivation has eroded the cultural and even constitutional expectation for elderly care in

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Does the Immigration Issue Divide German Attitudes toward Social Welfare?

Laura Häkkilä, Michael Pfeifer, and Timo Toikko

typology of a Corporatist welfare regime, featured also as a Conservative welfare state model, 14 which underlines the citizens’ active role in the labor market, meaning that the employed citizens benefit more from the welfare state. In this sense, the

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Book Reviews

Leyla Neyzi, Nida Alahmad, Nina Gren, Martha Lagace, Chelsey Ancliffe, and Susanne Bregnbæk

welfare regime, disabled veterans became heavily indebted through the financial system. This was grist to the mill for the nationalist media, which created sensational stories about prosthesis repossession. In the epilogue, Açıksöz narrates the dizzying