This article looks at the confluence of love, labour and the law by focusing on the regulation of migrant women's sexualities in the Gulf Coast Cooperation countries of the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait. Migrant women increasingly comprise the majority of migrants to the region as the demand for intimate labour in the Persian Gulf is on the rise. But migrant women who become pregnant while in the Persian Gulf are immediately imprisoned and charged with the crime of zina. These women give birth while incarcerated and spend up to a year with their babies in prison. They are then forcibly separated from their children when they are deported, rendering the children stateless in the host country. Migrant women who are often brought to the Persian Gulf to perform (re)productive labour are seen as immoral if they engage in sexual activities during their time in the Persian Gulf (and this is written into their contracts), and thus are seen as unfit to parent their own children. Some migrant women have recently been protesting these laws by refusing and fighting deportation without their children. This article contrasts discourses about migrant women's sexuality and legal analysis with the lived experiences of selected migrant women and their children through ethnographic research conducted in Dubai, Abu Dhabi and Kuwait City between 2008 and 2014.
Regulating Migrant Women's Sexualities in the Persian Gulf
Ayse Serap Avanoglu, Diana Riboli, Juan Javier Rivera Andía, Annalisa Butticci, Iain R. Edgar, Matan Shapiro, Brooke Schedneck, Mark Sedgwick, Suzane de Alencar Vieira, Nell Haynes, Sara Farhan, Fabián Bravo Vega, Marie Meudec, Nuno Domingos, Heidi Härkönen, Sergio González Varela, and Nathanael Homewood
slavery. In Islamic jurisprudence, zina (sexual intercourse outside of marriage) was another major point of contestation for Islamic scholars. Gadelrab demonstrates that although the Qur’an forbids zina and defines it as a crime against morality
Adornment (Aesthetics), Symbolism and Differentiation
California Press ). ‘Abū Yūsuf , Y. ( 1961 ), Kitāb al-kharāj ( Cairo : al-Maṭba'a al- ṣalafiyya ). al-Adaileh , B. ( 2012 ), ‘ The Connotations of Arabic Colour Terms ’, Linguistica 13 : 1 – 18 . al-’Adnānī , K. ( 1999 ), al-Malābis wa-l-Zīna
Finbarr Barry Flood and Jaś Elsner
), ornament ( zīna ), and pictures ( al-ṭasāwīr ) in mosques, citing hadiths on the subject, including a tradition in which the Prophet rejects decoration and images as un-Islamic, recommending instead the whitewashing of mosques. It is not clear whether or
Enacting Politics, Reinforcing Divisions
people, especially those who sacrifice themselves, who work for him and are not afraid. A political leader is not on his own” (interview with Zina, an activist, 10 November 15). This quote, as well as other similar reflections, is important because, in
Peasant Agroecological Systems as New Frontiers of Exploitation?
Anne Cristina de la Vega-Leinert and Peter Clausing
.1080/01436597.2015.1002992 Kremen , Claire . 2015 . “ Reframing the Land-Sparing/Land-Sharing Debate for Biodiversity Conservation .” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1355 : 52 – 76 , doi: 10.1111/nyas.12845 . 10.1111/nyas.12845 Laguna , Pablo , Zina Cáceres