In this article, based on research I conducted in Western Canada, I discuss the significance of the emerging influence of social media on the overrepresentation of Indigenous girls in sexually exploitative situations. In interviews I conducted with Indigenous sexual exploitation survivors and intervention staff I found that social media is being used to recruit Indigenous girls and keep them exploited in three distinct ways: targeting girls in reserve communities and luring them to the city; setting up so-called dates to keep them off the streets; and facilitating constant communication between the victim and victimizer, thus ensuring that girls are perpetually active and reachable. I respond to these by outlining educational possibilities in order to combat the exposure of these girls to predators on social media sites.
Dustin William Louie
In this article I will centre the historic and ongoing resistance of Indigenous
girls to violence through colonial policies and practices. I challenge conventional
intersectionality scholarship by foregrounding anti-colonialism and Indigenous
sovereignty/nationhood. Using examples from my own work, I illustrate the manifestation
of colonial power and persistent resistance in the lives of Indigenous
girls. Through these stories, I will discuss the everyday practices of witnessing and
resisting the discourses of risk. Red intersectionality will be offered as one way
forward in relation to my ongoing work on violence.
Mercedes González de la Rocha and Agustín Escobar Latapí
For as long as national records have been kept, Indigenous rural girls in Mexico
have spent the least amount of time in school (aside from some people with disabilities).
An innovative social program was designed in the 1990s that aimed to
stop the intergenerational transmission of poverty through the provision of cash
transfers (higher for girls than for boys) to families, conditional upon their children’s
attendance at school and health clinics. We set out to assess whether or not
the program had closed these gender and ethnicity gaps and found that it did narrow
substantially pre-existing inequalities among rural indigenous poor girls and
their families and, in some instances, reversed them. We recognize that the program
does not eliminate other structural forces discriminating against indigenous
Mexican girls and that prolonged education is an instrument for mobility only if
these other forces are counterbalanced by more comprehensive social strategies.
Sandrina de Finney
This article calls for a reconceptualization of Indigenous girlhoods as they are shaped under a western neocolonial state and in the midst of overlapping forms of colonial violence targeting Indigenous girls. By disrupting the persistent construction of Indigenous girl bodies as insignificant and dispensable, I explore alternative conceptualizations of trauma, place, and girlhood that might enact a more critical, politicized girlhood studies. I link this analysis to Leanne Simpson's (2011) notion of “presence” as a form of decolonizing resurgence. Drawing from participatory research studies and community-change projects conducted with and by Indigenous girls between the ages of 12 and 19 years in western British Columbia, Canada, girls' everyday processes of resurgence and presencing are highlighted in the hope of expanding understandings of their cumulative effects as decolonizing forces.