In early 2008, I witnessed a heated quarrel between Prasanta Das, Asit Majumdar, and Debi Bag near the Durgapur Expressway, the highway leading north from Kolkata, the state capital of West Bengal, India. Prasanta, Asit, and Debi belonged to the
Kenneth Bo Nielsen
Digital Archives and Memory Production
photographs from India and audiovisual material on the India-Pakistan partition, respectively. These two archives, named the Indian Memory Project and the 1947 Partition Archive (hereinafter referred to as IMP and 1947 PA, respectively), are particularly
The controversy over rewriting history textbooks in India in 2000 not only revealed the divergent renditions of collective memory but also evoked decades of contention over self-representation and cultural identity. This article explores these "multiple" renderings of a "singular" past and contends the formation of "historical identities" by arguing that divergent use of reason and interpretation leads to a layered and uid Indian identity leaving it open for contestation. By situating the case of the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb within the milieu from which textbook controversies emanate, the article suggests an alternative dimension for looking at the controversy—instead of the usual binary concept of "secular" versus "communal" history. At the root of the controversy is not merely politicization but also divergent perspectives of looking at the past and the resultant rethinking and reworking of dominant notions of it.
Reflections on Relational Consent and the Rights of Infertile Women
As its main focus the article is concerned with explaining the proposed Indian Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) Bill 2010 (2008), and in particular discusses some of its limitations using a relational conception of consent and autonomy. It is argued that two major limitations arise from, firstly, the way the Bill attempts to introduce ‘universal’ notions of informed consent into a cultural context of socially determined decisionmaking, resulting in the failure to safeguard the welfare of Indian surrogates. A second limitation is that the proposed law entitles only some poor women (surrogates) in India to realise access to quality medical healthcare services compared to others (poor, infertile women). Given the significant class and gender based inequalities which frame reproductive healthcare service delivery in the country, legally guaranteed access to health services for surrogates becomes a privilege where the rights of some individuals and couples to reproduce and exercise procreative agency is valued and not others. The article argues that the Bill must give due consideration to the complex, relational and highly stratified contexts in which women undertake childbearing in India to understand why legally comprehensive consent procedures can co-exist with violations of personhood in practice. Without such consideration the article suggests that injustice toward infertile women can become part of the same legal process wherein overcoming infertility is recognised as a right.
Directly Observed Treatment – Short-course (DOTS) has been promoted by the WHO globally as the preferred standard approach to tuberculosis control and treatment since the mid 1990s. In India, DOTS has been gradually implemented as a national programme since 1997, covering the entire country by 2006. DOTS is a highly complex healthcare intervention that involves universal monitoring of all patients, access to high quality drugs and the adoption of an individually supervised drug intake by patients through a system of DOT-providers. This article discusses the gradual implementation of DOTS in India as an intervention based on politically agreed 'truths' that create 'successful treatment stories' and 'defaulters', and it explores dimensions of temporality linked to the understanding of 'event' at different ontological scales from the perspectives of 'defaulters' and the health care system respectively.
A case study of Indian and Pakistani school textbooks
interesting is the research on how we innovate new ways and techniques to constantly create borders that suit our purposes. This article discusses border creation, and for this purpose we will take the example of India and Pakistan. These two countries emerged
The Idea of India AKHILA ASHOK
Subaltern politics and insurgent citizenship in contemporary India
Alf Gunvald Nilsen
instructive point of departure for a critical investigation of subaltern politics in contemporary India. The context in question is one in which dominant and subaltern groups engage in complex processes of struggle, negotiation, and contention over the
Negotiated Spaces in India’s School Meal Program
Sony Pellissery, Sattwick Dey Biswas and Biju Abraham
experience for millions of children in India. Introduced nationally in 1995, the school midday meal program still faces challenges in achieving quality and dignity in food service. This article examines three aspects of dignified meals in schools: how rights
the Judeo-Christian worldview. ( Lim 2010, 7 ) Such multiple dimensions are also visible in the letters and narratives of Thomas Coryat ( Foster 1921 ), who arrived in India in 1612 and traveled across various parts of North India before dying from