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Marxist morphologies

A materialist critique of brute materialities, flat infrastructures, fuzzy property, and complexified cities

Michał Murawski

This article critiques assumptions made by urban anthropologists and other scholars of cities, focusing on currently fashionable theories of infrastructure, materiality, and complexity. It problematizes how scholarship informed by actor-network theory, assemblage theory and other varieties of (post)postmodernism uses morphological optics and metaphors to represent social life, the material world, and existence itself as necessarily “flat,” “complex” or “fuzzy.” As a corrective, it proposes reorienting our social morphologies with reference to a Marxist notion of infrastructure, founded on a dynamic understanding of the relationship between determining economic base and determined superstructure. It constructs its theoretical edifice with reference to the remaking of post-1945 Warsaw as a socialist city through property expropriation and monumental architectural and planning works, and post-1989 attempts to unmake its socialist character through property reprivatization and unplanning.

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Professor Anna Żarnowska (1931-2007)

Obituary and Selected Bibliography

Grażyna Szelągowska

From the very beginning of her historical studies, Professor Anna Żarnowska was affiliated with Warsaw University, where she started her academic career at the Institute of History at the end of the 1950s. She belonged to the youngest post- war generation of Polish historians dealing with a relatively new and very dynamic trend in Polish post-war historical research: social history.

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Diverse Voices

Women and Gender in Recent Polish History and Historiography

Malgorzata Fidelis

Katherine R. Jolluck, Exile and Identity: Polish Women in the Soviet Union during World War II, Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2002, 356 pp., $34.00 (hb), ISBN 0-8229-4185-6. Eva Plach, The Clash of Moral Nations: Cultural Politics in Piłsudski’s Poland, 1926–1935, Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2006, 262 pp., $42.95 (hb), ISBN 13: 978-0-8214-1695-2.

Anna Żarnowska and Andrzej Szwarc, eds., Kobieta i małzeństwo. Społeczno-kulturowe aspekty seksualności. Wiek XIX i XX (Woman and marriage. Sociocultural aspects of sexuality. Nineteenth and twentieth centuries), Warsaw: Wydawnictwo DiG, 2004, 518 pp., PLN 44.00 (pb), ISBN 83-7181-314-7.

Anna Żarnowska and Andrzej Szwarc, eds., Kobieta i rewolucja obyczajowa. Społeczno-kulturowe aspekty seksualności. Wiek XIX i XX. (Woman and the sexual revolution. Sociocultural aspects of sexuality. Nineteenth and twentieth centuries), Warsaw: Wydawnictwo DiG, 2006, 569 pp., PLN 42.50 (pb), ISBN 83-7181-401-1 and 978-83-7181-401-3. p

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Marine Dhermy-Mairal, Jean-François Bert and Baudry Rocquin

Maurice Halbwachs. Keynes, abstraction et expérience. Sur la théorie générale, Gilles Montigny (éd.). Paris : Éditions rue d’Ulm / Presses de l’École normale supérieure, 2016, 205pp.

Maurice Halbwachs, Écrits d’Amérique, Christian Topalov (ed.), Paris, ed. Ehess, 2012, 454 pp.

Stefan Czarnowski, Lettres à Henri Hubert et à Marcel Mauss / Listy do Henri Huberta i Marcela Maussa (1905–1937), bilingual edition, translated by Damien Thiriet, presented by Kornelia Kon´czasl and Joanna Wawrzyniak. Warsaw, Oficyna Naukowa, (Biblioteka Mys´li Socjologicznej, 11) 2015.

Cécile Rol (ed.), ‘Gaston Richard (1860–1945): Un sociologue en rébellion’, Lendemains, 40 (158/159), 2015, pp. 7–140

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Measuring the Sacred

Research Notes on the Use of Science by Adherents of New Spiritualities in Poland

Dorota Hall

The essay presents exemplary cases for the use of scientific accessories, such as a specialist vocabulary and sophisticated technical tools, in Polish holistic milieus. It analyses editorials published in the esoteric monthly Nieznany Świat, and refers to materials gathered during ethnographic fieldwork among vendors and customers of alternative medicine fairs and esoteric shops in Warsaw, as well as visitors to the Węsiory village, considered to be one of Earth's 'power places'. The work goes on the claim that references to science, and especially to various measurements, besides their legitimating function, appeal to sensitivity related to traditional folk religiosity. Therefore, the Nieznany Świat magazine might be considered a continuer of the folk tradition.

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Gregor Feindt and Ralph Weber

Paweł Rojek, Semiotyka Solidarnos ´ci: Analiza dyskursów PZPR i NSZZ Solidarnos ´c´ w 1981 roku [Semiotics of Solidarity: Discourse Analysis of the Polish United Workers Party and the Independent Self-Governing Trade Union Solidarity 1981] (Krakow: Nomos, 2009), 264 pp.

Elz˙bieta Ciz˙ewska, Filozofi a publiczna Solidarnos ´ci: 1980–1981 z perspektywy republikan´skiej tradycji politycznej [The Public Philosophy of Solidarity: 1980–1981 from the Perspective of Republican Political Tradition] (Warsaw: Narodowe Centrum Kultury, 2010), 379 pp.

Krzysztof Brzechczyn, O ewolucji solidarnos ´ciowej w mys ´li społeczno-politycznej w latach 1980–1981: Studium z filozofi i społecznej [The Evolution of Solidarity in Social-Political Thought 1980–1981: A Study in Social Philosophy], (Poznan´: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wydziału Nauk Społecznych Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicz, 2013), 192 pp.

Hagen Schulz-Forberg, ed., A Global Conceptual History of Asia, 1860–1940 (London: Pickering & Chatto, 2014), 205 pp.

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Clio on the Margins

Women's and Gender History in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe (Part Two)

Enriketa Papa-Pandelejmoni, Gentiana Kera, Krassimira Daskalova, Biljana Kašić, Sandra Prlenda, Elni Fournaraki, Yannis Yannitsiotis, Eszter Varsa, Dalia Leinarte, Grażyna Szelagowska and Natalia Pushkareva

Edited by Krassimira Daskalova

Women's History and Gender Sensitive Scholarship in Albania Enriketa Papa-Pandelejmoni and Gentiana Kera

Clio Still on the Margins: Women's and Gender History in Bulgaria Krassimira Daskalova

Women's History in Croatia: Displaced and Unhomed Biljana Kašić and Sandra Prlenda

Three Decades of Women's and Gender History in Greece: An Account Eleni Fournaraki and Yannis Yannitsiotis

The State-of-the-Art in Women's and Gender History in Hungary: Studies from and about the State Socialist Period Esżter Varsa

Women's and Gender History in Lithuania: An Overview from Time and Distance Dalia Leinatre

Women's and Gender History in Poland after 1990: The Activity of the Warsaw Team Grażyna Szelagowska

Gendering Russian History (Women's History in Russia: Status and Perspectives) Natalia Pushkareva

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William Watts Miller

To mark the occasion of the 150th anniversary of Durkheim’s birth, a number of conferences were held during 2008 – beginning at Epinal, his hometown, then at Oxford, Paris, São Paolo, Warsaw and Berlin. As part of the effort to record this effervescence of activity, with its many different lines of research, the present issue of our journal includes a selection of articles based on contributions to these conferences, while others are planned for inclusion in the next issue. At the same time, preparations are under way for the publication of collections on specific themes – on Durkheim’s roots, drawing on the conference at Epinal; on interpretations and applications of Durkheimian sociology in Brazil, drawing on the conference at São Paolo; and on the issue of solidarity, drawing on contributions to the conferences at Oxford and Berlin.

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Steven J. Hoffman, Fanny Wonu Veys, Joseph P. Feldman, Natasha Barrett, Elsa Lenz Kothe, Antonino Crisà, Sayantan Mukhopadhyay, Masaaki Morishita and Ewa Klekot

EXHIBITION REVIEW ESSAYS

The Changi Museum: Balancing Authentic and Reproduction Heritage at a World War II Commemoration Site in Singapore

Matahoata, “A Well-Informed Gaze” on Marquesan Material Culture and Art at the Musée du quai Branly

EXHIBITION REVIEWS

Espiritualidades en Quito: Diálogos en la Diversidad (Museo de la Ciudad, Quito, Ecuador)

Artists and Empire (Tate Britain, London)

All Together Now: Vancouver Collectors and Their Worlds (Museum of Vancouver, Vancouver)

Il Salinas ricorda Salinas (1914–2014): “Del Real Museo di Palermo e del suo avvenire” (Museo Archeologico Regionale “Antonino Salinas,” Palermo Museum, Palermo)

You Can’t Please All: Bhupen Khakhar Retrospective (Tate Modern, London)

From Eerie to Endearing: Yokai in the Arts of Japan (Edo-Tokyo Museum, Tokyo)

The Polin Experience (Polin Museum of the History of Polish Jews, Warsaw)

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Jeanette Atkinson, Tracy Buck, Simon Jean, Alan Wallach, Peter Davis, Ewa Klekot, Philipp Schorch, Wing Yan Vivian Ting, Caroline Turner, Glen St John Barclay, Jennifer Wagelie and Graeme Were

Steampunk (Bradford Industrial Museum, UK)

Framing India: Paris-Delhi-Bombay . . . (Centre Pompidou, Paris)

E Tū Ake: Māori Standing Strong/Māori: leurs trésors ont une âme (Te Papa, Wellington, and Musée du quai Branly, Paris)

The New American Art Galleries, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond

Scott's Last Expedition (Natural History Museum, London)

Left-Wing Art, Right-Wing Art, Pure Art: New National Art (Museum of Modern Art, Warsaw)

Focus on Strangers: Photo Albums of World War II (Stadtmuseum, Jena)

A Museum That Is Not: A Fanatical Narrative of What a Museum Can Be (Guandong Times Museum, Guandong)

21st Century: Art in the First Decade (QAGOMA, Brisbane)

James Cook and the Exploration of the Pacific (Art and Exhibition Hall of the Federal Republic of Germany, Bonn)

Land, Sea and Sky: Contemporary Art of the Torres Strait Islands (QAGOMA, Brisbane) and Awakening: Stories from the Torres Strait (Queensland Museum, Brisbane)