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Eugene Heimler

A Hero of the Twentieth Century

Miriam Bracha Heimler

. It enables one to face the darkness and the enemy. When Eugene Heimler could say to his comrades, ‘These monsters, these bastards will one day disappear from the face of the earth!’, this meant that it was indeed a real possibility. Heimler came to

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J. Eugene Clay and Anna Bara

human cost. These important continuities underscore the value of Friesen's analysis, which is a significant contribution to our understanding of the great Siberian migration in the early twentieth century. J. Eugene Clay Arizona State University

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Eugene N. Anderson, Jodie Asselin, Jessica diCarlo, Ritwick Ghosh, Michelle Hak Hepburn, Allison Koch, and Lindsay Vogt

treats issues and controversies fairly and honestly. It covers considerable ground with skill and balance. The book ends with a local recipe for paella—the famous product of Valencia's rice ecology. I'll be trying it. Eugene N. Anderson University of

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Richard York, Christina Ergas, Eugene A. Rosa, and Thomas Dietz

We examine trends since 1980 in material extraction in China, India, Indonesia, and Japan—which together contain over 40% of the world's population—to assess the environmental consequences of modernization. Economic and population growth has driven rapid expansion of material extraction in China, India, and Indonesia since 1980. China and India exhibit patterns consistent with the Jevons paradox, where the economic intensity of extraction (extraction/GDP) has steadily declined while total extraction grew. In Indonesia, extraction intensity grew along with total extraction. In Japan, total extraction remained roughly constant, increasing somewhat in the 1980s and then slowly declining after 1990, while extraction intensity declined throughout the entire period. These different patterns can be understood to some degree by drawing on political-economic and world-systems perspectives. Japan is an affluent, core nation that can afford to import materials from other nations, thereby avoiding escalation of material extraction within its borders. China and India are rapidly industrializing nations that, although increasingly drawing on resources from beyond their borders, still rely on their own natural resources for growth. Indonesia, an extraction economy with less global power than the other nations examined here, exports its own natural resources, often unprocessed, to spur economic growth. The trends highlighted here suggest that in order to avert environmental crisis, alternative forms of development, which do not involve traditional economic growth, may need to be adopted by nations around the world.

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Appalling Tehran

Translation of the French Serial Story and Its Effect on the Persian Serial Story

Manizheh Abdollahi and Ehya Amalsaleh

monarchy by Napoleon II, serialised fiction became very popular in France and then the rest of Europe. The most famous examples were the work of Eugène Sue (1804–1857). In France, Les Mystères de Paris (The Mysteries of Paris) was first published in the

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Bande dessinée and the Penal Imaginary

Graphic Constructions of the Carceral Archipelago

Charles Forsdick

'Homme qui s'évada [The man who escaped] by the French anarchist and author Eugène Dieudonné, itself now the subject also of a bande dessinée . 11 Arguably more visible (and more influential) is Henri Charrière, known under his nickname Papillon [Butterfly

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Les journaux francophones au dix-neuviéme siécle

Entre enjeux locaux et perspective globale

Guillaume Pinson

volontairement élargi afin de mettre l’emphase sur certains grands processus historiques, quitte à renvoyer le lecteur vers des travaux complémentaires lorsque nécessaire 2 . La diffusion en Amérique du Nord des Mystères de Paris d’Eugène Sue constitua une

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Colonizing Revolutionary Politics

Algeria and the French Revolution of 1848

Jennifer E. Sessions

This article examines the key role of the French colony in Algeria in the political culture of the Revolution of 1848. Eugène Cavaignac and other army officers with Algerian experience led the state's repression of radical unrest, and their colonial backgrounds became a central narrative trope in debates about political violence in France, especially after the June Days uprising. Following the closure of the National Workshops, legislators adopted a major scheme for working-class emigration to and settlement in Algeria to replace the workshops and resolve unrest. Throughout 1848, Algeria operated as a symbolic and practical field for the struggle between social and political revolution in France.

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Symptomatic Politics

The Banning of Islamic Head Scarves in French Public Schools

Joan W. Scott

The events that became known as the affaires de foulard began on 3 October 1989, when three Muslim girls who refused to remove their head scarves were expelled from their middle school in the town of Creil, about thirty miles outside of Paris. The headmaster, Eugène Chenière, claimed he was acting to enforce laïcité––the French version of secularism. According to Chenière, laïcité–– a concept whose meaning would be furiously debated in the months and years that followed––was an inviolable and transparent principle, one of the pillars of republican universalism. The school was the cradle of laïcité, the place where the values of the French republic were nurtured and inculcated. It was, therefore, in the public schools that France had to hold the line against what he later termed “the insidious jihad.”

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Durkheim, Mauss et la dynamogénie

Le lien Gley (1857–1930)

Nicolas Sembel

This article develops that of William Watts Miller (in Durkheimian Studies 2005), who called for further detective work on the idea of ‘dynamogénie’. My investigations show a way of linking it with Durkheim and Mauss in bringing out that Eugène Gley – according to Mauss, a ‘lifelong friend’ of Durkheim’s – was one of the last to work with the idea’s chief originator, C-E. Brown-Séquard, a doctor who succeeded Claude Bernard at the Collège de France and a central figure in Watts Miller’s article. ‘Dynamogénie’ was first described by Brown-Séquard in 1851 in relation to a case of religious ecstasy, and was characterized by him as an exceptional and unconscious mobilization of nervous and muscular energy. It was then actively – if somewhat mysteriously – taken up by Durkheim and Mauss over sixty years later in their co-signed review of Les Formes élémentaires de la vie religieuse. Gley, whose trajectory ran in parallel with Durkheim’s and to a lesser extent Mauss’s, constitutes a link between them and ‘dynamogénie’ that helps us fill out the two men’s intellectual horizons.