Through the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program, the research and training network Children Born of War (CHIBOW) seeks to explore the lives of children born to local mothers and fathered by enemy soldiers, occupying forces, and locally stationed and peacekeeping forces during conflicts of the past one hundred years. Born both through mutually consenting “love relationships” and from rape, children born of war are a hidden population, relatively understudied and seldom spoken about in public spheres. Fifteen early career researchers at eleven academic institutes across Europe will address this topic from a multidisciplinary perspective. This training network will act as a platform to share the life stories of people affected by war in the most profound ways and to alleviate some of the silence surrounding their experiences.
A European Research Network Exploring the Life Histories of a Hidden Population
Kimberley Anderson and Sophie Roupetz
The Recollection of Jews Among Poles – A Case Study of a Town in Southern Poland
There are two general approaches towards the memory of Jews in contemporary Poland: collective remembrance and collective forgetting. These are presented as two extreme attitudes which represent the process of dealing with the memory of Jews in Poland. However, this division does not take into account a phenomenon which combines the two approaches. A case study of a small town in southern Poland, where Jews constituted a significant part of the pre-war population, illustrates the complexity of resurrecting memories of Jews in Poland. Nowadays, not only are there no Jews living in the town but also there is no visible evidence of any memory of them. Nevertheless, there is a neglected memory of the town's Jews. It exists in the collective memory preserved in the stories recalled by some of the citizens. The memory of Jewish inhabitants of the town is not intentionally hidden or renounced. The stories of Jews once living in the town are generally known by the vast majority of inhabitants and are passed from generation to generation. However, this remembrance is not incorporated into the collective memory and mythical foundations of the community. The meaning and importance of remembering the town's Jews is neglected and treated as a virtual rather than a real history of the community.