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Le becfigue, petit passereau de Méditerranée

la longue histoire d'un oiseau comestible en voie de disparition

Françoise Aubaile-Sallenave

Il peut sembler étonnant de faire un texte et une recherche sur un petit oiseau quasiment disparu dans la réalité, mais encore bien présent dans la mémoire de presque toutes les sociétés de Méditerranée nord et est-ouest, tant chrétiennes que

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L'UE du Vingt-et-Unième Siècle La fin des idéaux fédéralistes des Pères fondateurs?

Isabelle Petit

The EU has as its motto “United in Diversity.“ To what extent does reality reflect this federal ideal as inscribed in the European treaties? Although the Lisbon Treaty introduces reforms and legitimizes processes that reinforced the federal character of the European project, it remains difficult at this stage to define the EU as a social and political structure in which power rests on a fragile equilibrium between unity and diversity as well as on a struggle to maintain it. If unity has been reinforced through successive institutional reforms, there is still disequilibrium in favor of diversity.

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Petit manifeste pour les « Press and Literature Studies »

Marie-Ève Thérenty

communication, interactions dont témoignent les origines disciplinaires variées des différents intervenants de ce numéro. Sur la question de la petite presse française, c’est-à-dire la presse de petit format, portant sur la culture et inté-grant des éléments

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Environmental and natural resources governance

Rethinking public-private relationships

Carmen Maganda and Olivier Petit

Talking about environmental and natural resources (ENR) governance today is generally related to the search for holistic elements to achieve sustainability. Political ecology clearly points out and debates the need to see ENR, particularly those related to vital necessities, as global public goods. It sounds like an easy equation: How can we achieve sustainability without sharing access, costs, benefits, and of course governance of ENR needed for all human activities? However, as logical as it seems, development inequalities and unregulated market relationships on the management of these resources are still predominant. Therefore, environmental governance and sustainability is still one of the major contemporary global challenges.

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European Union

Are the Founding Ideas Obsolete?

Isabelle Petit and George Ross

On 9 May 1950, in an elegant salon of the Quai d’Orsay in Paris, France’s Foreign Minister Robert Schuman proposed that France and Germany, plus any other democratic nation in Western Europe that wanted to join, establish a “community” to regulate and govern the coal and steel industries across national borders. France and Germany had been at, or preparing for, war for most of the nineteenth and twentieth century, at huge costs to millions of citizens. Moreover, in 1950 iron and steel remained central to national economic success and war-making power. The Schuman Plan therefore clearly spoke to deeper issues.

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Au bout du petit matin… J'ai la force de regarder demain

Nathalie Etoke

This essay is an intimate account of my encounter with Aimé Césaire. I first met him in high school. I was seventeen years old, and I had never read any work comparable to his Notebook of a Return to the Native Land. That book left me confused. The more I read the less I understood. A student in lettres modernes at Université Charles De Gaulle, I became tormented by identity issues. My years in France introduced me to racism, to an other who observed me without seeing me—between us centuries of violence, stereotypes, misunderstanding, unrequited love, unresolved conflict, unshared suffering. How do you get rid of the cutting glance that murders the Promise of Tomorrow? Césaire gave me an answer to that question.

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Flemish Comics versus Communist Atheism

Renaat Demoen’s Au pays de la grande angoisse (1950–1951)

Philippe Delisle

Belgian comics, which originated in conservative Catholic milieux between the wars, asserted their anti-Communism from the outset. 1 The first adventure of Tintin, launched at the beginning of 1929 in Le Petit Vingtième [The little twentieth

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A Fiction of the French Nation

The Émigré Novel, Nostalgia, and National Identity, 1797–1815

Mary Ashburn Miller

and 1815; and a flood of émigré journals and memoirs mostly distributed after 1825. 4 The first period witnessed the publication of Gabriel Sénac de Meilhan’s L’Émigré (1797), Madame de Genlis’s Les Petits émigrés (1797), Madame de Souza

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Thanks to BHL, France Rediscovers Her Hated Sartre

Elizabeth A. Bowman

As if to mark the 20th anniversary of Sartre’s death in 1980—and there was in fact some connection—French writers, journalists, talking heads and publishers put on a Sartre extravaganza. The occasion was the publication of six books on Sartre within the span of a month in early 2000: Denis Bertholet’s Sartre (Plon), Michel-Antoine Burnier’s L’Adieu à Sartre (Plon), Benoit Denis’ Littérature et engagement (Seuil), Bernard-Henri Levy’s Le Siècle de Sartre (Grasset), Philippe Petit’s La Cause de Sartre (P.U.F.), and Olivier Wickers’ Trois Aventures extraordinaires de Jean-Paul Sartre (Gallimard).1 Sartre’s name in headlines was plastered on news kiosks all over Paris during the second half of January, 2000. Le Nouvel Observateur announced: “After 20 Years of Purgatory, Sartre Returns,”2 and Le Point proclaimed: “Sartre: The Passion for Making Mistakes.”3 The implicit warning was: “Don’t let Sartre’s mistakes return!”

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Introduction

Matthew Screech

The present edition of European Comic Art is our somewhat belated tribute to the eightieth anniversary of Hergé’s Adventures of Tintin. Hergé’s roaming reporter first appeared in the Brussels-based children’s magazine Le Petit Vingtième on 10 January 1929, but he still bestrides the world of Francophone comics like a colossus in plus fours. The 24 Tintin albums, which appeared from 1929 to 1986, have sold millions of copies. Without The Adventures of Tintin the bande dessinée would not exist as we know it and neither, very probably, would European Comic Art.