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Degrees of Permeability

Confinement, Power and Resistance in Freetown's Central Prison

Luisa T. Schneider

: 346). Of tactics and strategies within and beyond walls – a power bargaining Whether we see imprisonment as the manifestation of a continuum whereby already marginalized groups feed the prison system, or as a mechanism through which certain

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Goals, Strategies, and Tactics

Continuity and Change in Extinction Rebellion in the United Kingdom

Benjamin Farrer, Linda Doyle, and Soleil Smith

; Scheuerman 2021 ). In this article, we make a different argument: XRUK is indeed innovative, but their core innovation is neither their goals nor their tactics: it is their strategy. Their goals may be particularly ambitious, and their tactics particularly

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How Can Social Movements Help Defend Democracy?

Srdja Popović and Slobodan Djinovic

organization known as the Center for Applied Nonviolent Action and Strategies (CANVAS)—assisting social movements in nondemocratic countries like Iran, Venezuela, Georgia, Ukraine, Zimbabwe, and Belarus. Working with wide variety of pro-democracy and human

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Rationalizing Strategy

Game Theory in Management Pedagogy and Practice

Daniel Breslau

Since the 1980s, game theory has become a standard feature of management school curricula, treated extensively in textbooks and core courses in managerial economics and competitive strategy. It promises a formal and rational set of procedures for formulating decisions in situations of dynamic interaction. I suggest that the appeal, and key symbolic effect of game theory is not due to its actual influence on the decisions reached. Rather, it is due to the reframing of decisions and the contexts in which they are made, in terms of the framework of game theory. When strategic action is formulated and justified in terms of game theory, the theory serves as a kind of sociodicy, a social theory which justifies suffering as a necessary evil. I suggest that the increased appeal of game theory since the 1980s has to do with changes in the social organization and managerial culture of corporations.

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EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region

A new space for a study of novel forms of diplomacy

Zane Šime

& Bauer, 2014, p. 240 ), EU macro-regional strategies have proven to be fertile ground for paradiplomatic aspirations of sub-national regions and cities. This evolving and expanding governance space ( Van Lierop, 2020 ) provides regions and cities or sub

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South African Rural Girls’ Safety Strategies on the School Journey

Ndumiso Daluxolo Ngidi, Xolani Ntinga, Ayanda Khumalo, and Zaynab Essack

South African schools located in areas characterized by chronic poverty, socio-economic distress, low rates of employment, and high rates of crime and violence generative sites for the examination of girls’ vulnerability to, and safe-seeking strategies

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The Tactics of Mobile Phone Use in the School-Based Practices of Young People

Morgan O'Brien

This paper examines the role of the mobile phone within the everyday lives of youth in contemporary Ireland. The current generation of teenagers can be said to have grown up with the mobile phone, and as such, treat it as a taken-for-granted part of life. This submersion of the technology into young people's lives means it touches upon multiple aspects of their everyday experience. Employing a framework derived from the work of Michel de Certeau, in particular his concepts on tactics and strategies, I will explore how young people use the mobile phone to manage and navigate these experiences.

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Strategies of Navigation

Migrants' Everyday Encounters with Italian Immigration Bureaucracy

Anna Tuckett

Successful encounters with bureaucratic systems require users to be familiar with 'insider' rules and behaviour. This article examines migrants' everyday efforts to become and stay 'legal' in Italy, and shows how they need to develop particular strategies in order to do so. While these strategies help migrants in the short term, I argue that ultimately they enable the Italian state to reconcile its conflicting interests and reproduce migrants' marginal and insecure status in Italian society. Examining everyday mundane interactions with the state and its bureaucracy reveals the various ways in which state practices produce insecurity.

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EUROPEANIZATION AS STRATEGY

Konrad J. Kuhn

This paper examines the epistemological and institutional activities in the field of Volkskunde/folklore studies in Switzerland leading to the discipline’s reformation as “European ethnology”. Drawing on archival materials, the article takes Arnold Niederer (1914–1998) as a starting point by showing how Niederer, his networks and research contexts were involved in the formation of the loose alliance of interests that were subsequently institutionalized. This paper traces the new perception of the discipline “European ethnology” as it draws on early transnational contacts of Swiss Folklore Studies in order to overcome the crisis in which Volkskunde found itself in the 1960s. Europeanization and an orientation toward the present were strategies to stabilize the academicdiscipline but also to establish the discipline in the public sphere.

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Reconstruction as Enchantment Strategy

Swedish Churches Burnt, Rebuilt and Rethought

Eva Löfgren

The reasons why a secular society bothers to rebuild a burnt church seem complex. Starting out from two case studies of burnt and reconstructed churches in Sweden, Skaga chapel and the church of Södra Råda, this article examines the perspective from which the process and result of material reconstruction may be understood as enchantment strategies. According to Weber’s disenchantment thesis and the contemporary concept of heritagization, the significance of today’s church buildings, as well as the decision to reconstruct, may be based on historical narratives and local self-images rather than religious worship. Without univocally contradicting this perception, however, the study shows that the reconstructions, as carefully staged situations, represent acts of faith and provide the actors with a sense of shared participation and new meaning.