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Elizabeth Ferry

demands”—in his analysis, while always recognizing the porous and fluctuating boundaries between these domains, Smith (2014: 11 ) frames the question of activist scholarship and the ongoing historicity of politics in a way that attempts to grasp their

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When Transit States Pursue Their Own Agenda

Malaysian and Indonesian Responses to Australia's Migration and Border Policies

Antje Missbach and Gerhard Hoffstaedter

Introduction Although little has been written about the political roles of so-called transit states in contemporary securitized migration management, it seems to be widely assumed that transit states follow the orders of their more powerful

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Claudia Mitchell and Jacqueline Reid-Walsh

It has been forty years since the feminist classic on women’s health and sexuality, Our Bodies, Our Selves was published. Available first in 1971 and then produced commercially in 1973 (revised, re-issued and, as of October 2011, in its ninth printing), Our Bodies, Our Selves, published by the Boston Women’s Collective, was regarded by many girls and women in the 1970s and 1980s as the book that changed their relationship to their own bodies and to their own health. And indeed, it set the stage for a revisioning of the questions: “Whose bodies?” and “Whose voices?” in health research, and could be regarded as a precursor to such works as Sandra Harding’s (1991) Whose Science? Whose Knowledge? Thinking from Women’s Lives.

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Bolsters to their Husbands

Women as Wives in Rabbinic Literature

Judith R. Baskin

Rabbinic literature was written and shaped by men and the idealized human society the rabbinic sages constructed in their legal formulations was decidedly oriented towards their own sex. Few aspects of women’s lives and experiences are retrievable from this body of highly redacted texts that became the foundation of over a millennia of Jewish social, religious, and intellectual life. While most rabbinic voices agreed that women were beings quite separate from men, with lesser intellectual, spiritual, and moral capacities, and very different, often undesirable, roles to play in human society, rabbinic traditions are unanimous in praising and honouring the mothers and wives who were so crucial to Jewish survival and the smooth functioning of everyday life. In this essay I focus on rabbinic portrayals of women as wives in a variety of aggadic (non-legal) texts.

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Massacres and Their Historians

Recent Histories of State Violence in France and Algeria in the Twentieth Century

Joshua Cole

Historians cannot resist violence.* Not simply because of a voyeuristic interest in the dramatically lethal, but also because many of the most vexing questions about the writing of history converge in the crucible of violent events. Historians are attracted to the subject because they hope that it might tell them something about the fundamental problems in their discipline: questions about causality, agency, narrative, and contingency; about the readability of the past and the conclusions that one can draw about complex social phenomena from fragmentary and often one-sided bits of evidence.

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Elites and their Representation

Multi-Disciplinary Perspectives

Jean-Pascal Daloz

The term “elite” was introduced in the seventeenth century to describe commodities of an exceptional standard and the usage was later extended to designate social groups at the apex of societies. The study of these groups was established as part of the social sciences in the late nineteenth century, mainly as a result of the work of three sociologists: Vilfredo Pareto, Gaetano Mosca and Roberto Michels. The core of their doctrine is that at the top of every society lies, inevitably, a small minority which holds power, controls the key resources and makes the major decisions. Since then, the concept of elite(s) has been used in several disciplines such as anthropology, history or political science, but not necessarily in reference to this “classical elite theory.” The concept is strongly rejected, however, by many “progressive” scholars—precisely because of its elitist denotation.

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In Their Best Interests

Diplomacy, Ethics, and Competition in the French World of Adoption

Sébastien Roux

them, it was “their children,” “their little ones” who had been injured or killed, or who survived in unspeakable conditions. In just a few hours, an online petition posted by the Collectif SOS Haïti Enfants Adoptés collected more than forty

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The Terror of their Enemies

Reflections on a Trope in Eighteenth-Century Historiography

Ronald Schechter

This article attempts to explain the appeal of "terror" in the French Revolution by examining the history of the concept of terror. It focuses on historiographical representations of sovereign powers, whether monarchs or nations, as "terrors" of their enemies. It argues that the term typically connoted majesty, glory, justice and hence legitimacy. Moreover, historiographical depictions of past rulers and nations frequently emphasized the transiency of terror as an attribute of power; they dramatized decline in formulations such as "once terrible." For the revolutionaries, terror therefore provided a means of legitimation, but one that always had to be guarded and reinforced.

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Their Journey to Triumphant Activism

14 Young Women Speak Out

Nokukhanya Ngcobo

Eastern Cape, South Africa. These young women, who had been victims of different forms of violence in their lives, are university students. At the time of writing their stories, most of them were in the final year of their Bachelor of Education degree. As

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Concepts, Beliefs, and Their Constellations

A Proposal for Analytical Categories in the Study of Human Thought

Ilkka Kärrylä

The article argues that all disciplines examining human thought could use certain shared analytical categories. This would not mean eradicating all differences between various approaches such as intellectual history and discourse analysis, but acknowledging that they are examining partly the same basic entities. The article argues that ideational entities in human thought could be understood as concepts, beliefs, and their constellations. The article discusses the views of scholars who have theorized similar categories and shows how these can be studied through historical language use. Shared analytical categories would enhance interdisciplinary dialogue between scholars of human thought and allow more rigorous debates on issues that truly divide different disciplines, such as the explanatory values of human agency and structures.