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Constructing Difference and Imperial Strategy

Contrasting Representations of Irish and Zionist Nationalism in British Political Discourse (1917–1922)

Maggy Hary

charge of maintaining law and order across the British Empire for most of the interwar period. Universally seen as the epitome of imperial breakdown, the Irish trauma strongly colored British perceptions of the Palestine problem. When the British faced

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Exit, pursued by a fan

Shakespeare, Fandom, and the Lure of the Alternate Universe

Kavita Mudan Finn and Jessica McCall

Amongst fans and the academics who study them, it is generally accepted (perhaps even a truth universally acknowledged) that a good portion of what we consider canonical literature – including Shakespeare – also fits the broadest definition of

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From Yehuda Etzion to Yehuda Glick

From Redemptive Revolution to Human Rights on the Temple Mount

Shlomo Fischer

; Hasson 2014 ; cf. Hadashot Har HaBayit 2015 ). He asserts that this principle ought to be applied universally—including to groups such as Women of the Wall (e.g., Glick’s recent defense of Women of the Wall blowing the shofar and putting on tefillin

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Beholding Ourselves

Black Girls as Creators, Subjects, and Witnesses

Erin M. Stephens and Jamaica Gilmer

Figure 1: Amber Carroll-Santibanez. Photo Practice. Color photograph, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art The bus was full of excited chatter as it pulled up in front of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (known universally as The Met) on

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Constructing Film Emotions

The Theory of Constructed Emotion as a Biocultural Framework for Cognitive Film Theory

Timothy Justus

) expressions, including some basic, garden-variety emotions that are thought to be understood universally as one aspect of film language. In the present article, I suggest that this view of understanding characters’ emotional expression is incorrect. Instead, I

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How Were Motorways Specified? A Comment on the Special Section on Roads

Maxwell Gordon Lay

A motorway is universally defined as a road specifically provided for motor traffic, with dual carriageways separating oncoming traffic, with all intersections grade-separated, and with no access from abutting properties.1 However, these three papers on motorway history will suggest that this definition is not nearly as simple and straightforward as we might previously have assumed. The papers are each significant contributions to our understanding of European motorway development and usefully present the planning and development of motorways from very different perspectives.

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Rawls, Human Rights, and Cultural Pluralism

A Critique

Patrick Hayden

In his 1993 Oxford Amnesty Lecture, John Rawls attempts to respond to some of the criticisms his theory of justice has received from those concerned with the international aspects of social justice, and in particular with universal human rights. Rawls takes what he refers to as the ‘law of peoples’ as the focus for his discussion. He claims that a general liberal theory of justice may be extended internationally and form the basis for a universally recognised basic human rights minimum. Additionally, Rawls suggests that this scheme of international justice is an improvement on other liberal theories dealing with human rights because, he concludes, it would be acceptable to nonliberal, non-Western societies as well as to liberal, Western societies.

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A Modest Companion to Durkheim

Frank Pearce

This is an essay – along with another, by Raymond Boudon – on The Cambridge Companion to Durkheim (2005), edited by Jeffrey Alexander and Philip Smith. With becoming modesty, the editors admit that their argument for a 'cultural turn' in Durkheimian interpretation isn't universally accepted. Yet there is little sign, in their collection, of contributions that dispute their position. Certainly, some of the articles are interesting and stimulating, though others are modest in another sense, even quite flawed – as in some of their ideas about America. True, in his own article, Alexander makes a good enough case for a 'cultural turn'. But he seems unaware of Durkheim's last publication in his lifetime, 'The Politics of the Future' (1917). And in general, it is necessary to challenge 'culturalism'. This essay suggests an alternative, based not only on The Division of Labour, but the continuing relevance of Durkheim's belief in the need for socialism.

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Environmental Ethics, Livelihood, and Human Rights: Subaltern-Driven Cosmopolitanism?

Ravi K. Raman

Through a case study of an anti-cola struggle in a south Indian village, this paper promotes the conceptual treatment of subaltern cosmopolitanism in the contemporary context of anticorporate social movements. In this situation the multiple issues raised by a local movement, such as livelihood, sustainability, and human rights, sensitize each of the new social agencies involved, within and outside the borders of the local state, and help forge a solidarity network across borders with their universally relevant concerns of environmental ethics and livelihood rights. It is further suggested that it is precisely the new politics of ecology and culture articulated by the subalterns that constructs an enduring and viable future for social movements.

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The Cultural Imaginary of Foreignness in the Larousse Universel of 1922

Cècile Mathieu

Translator : Matthew Roy

Abstract

This article explores French imaginaries of different human groups between the world wars through a study of the Larousse universel of 1922. Dictionaries are generally assumed to be reliable tools for understanding language, reflecting a single, universally accepted, and neutral norm. In fact, as this article demonstrates, the Larousse universel of 1922 conveys an imaginary of otherness very specific to the time and place of its publication. Analyzing ethnonyms (names of peoples or ethnic groups) and demonyms or gentilics (names for residents or natives of a particular place) as well as the associated illustrations, I provide a typology of the dictionary’s treatment of the otherness of different peoples. Exoticism, colonization, war, and zoology emerge as the four themes around which human groups are concentrated. In particular, the predominance of the semantic feature warlike reveals the worry suggested by 20the “foreign” in the aftermath of World War I.