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Eyes wide shut

Il/legality and solidarity in housing struggles in (post)socialist Sofia and Caracas

Mariya Ivancheva and Stefan Krastev

), a question remains: How can solidarity be scaled up as a component of society-wide political strategies? Clearly, interpersonal and group solidarity has emerged vis-à-vis the failure of welfare policies in capitalist democracies, galvanizing debates

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Kathleen Wider

In this paper I examine the role of emotions in the initial development of self-awareness through intersubjective communication between mother and infant. I argue that the empirical evidence suggests that the infant's ability to communicate is initially an ability of the infant to share emotions with the mother. In section one I examine the biological foundations that allow infants from birth to interact with others of their own kind, focusing on the abilities which allow them to engage in emotional relationships with others. These include an infant's ability to express, share, and regulate emotions as well as her brain's ability to imitate the neuronal activity of another. In section two, I explore the fit between Sartre's phenomenologically-based account of intersubjectivity in Being and Nothingness and the accounts from psychology and neuroscience that I've examined in section one, focusing on his phenomenology of the Look and the emotional response he claims it elicits. In section three I examine the explanatory gap objection that Sartre among others could raise to my attempt to understand phenomenological accounts of human reality and scientific ones in light of each other. I don't have any final answer to this objection, but I offer some thoughts on why I think it's less of a problem than it might first appear to be.

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Kathleen Wider

Phyllis Sutton Morris, co-founder of the Sartre Society of North America and member of its executive committee for several years, died on May 31, 1997 from complications due to cancer. Phyllis received her undergraduate degree in philosophy from the University of California at Berkeley and her doctorate from the University of Michigan. She taught for several years at Kirkland College in New York and was, at various times in more recent years, on the faculty at LeMoyne College, Oberlin College, and the University of Michigan. She was a devoted teacher who dedicated a great deal of time and energy to preparing her classes and to meeting with students.

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Peter M. Haswell

attempt to take more control of their own moral agency and engage in consuming less regardless. Consuming Less Even If Wider Society Doesn't Our actions are subject to sociality, common custom, and other external drivers such as available options

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Hilary Callan and Brian Street

The article addresses the position of anthropology in new educational contexts, considering anthropology in education and the anthropological study of education. While some transatlantic comparisons are drawn, the emphasis is on developments within the U.K. These are treated historically, using the Royal Anthropological Institute's experience in working for an anthropological presence in pre-university education from the 1980s to the present as an extended case-study. The work done by the RAI's Education Committee to design and introduce a new GCE A-level in anthropology, culminating in its successful accreditation by the national regulator, is recounted in the style of 'rich ethnography'. A case is made for the potential of academic associations to create the alliances across sectors that are needed in this context; and conclusions are tentatively drawn regarding the implications of these initiatives for the future of the discipline and its public engagement.

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Spiders on the World Wide Web

Cyber trickery and gender fraud among youth in an Accra zongo

Ann Cassiman

This article analyses the online dating activities of Ghanaian young men and women. Finding online friends and lovers who reside in the USA or Europe is considered a fruitful tactic to deal with the often harsh conditions of everyday life in Accra. The first part of the article focuses on the connections between online and offline relationships in specific communities called or ‘stranger quarters’. The second part looks into the intricacies of online love relationships and how these upset or transform existing gender categories, gender roles and relations in the communities. The way in which young women take part in the online world is reminiscent of some of the characteristics of the popular figure of the trickster. Online trickery has affected offline mechanisms of redistribution and has thereby altered the moral economy within the communities, whereby friends straddle between principles of loyalty and trust towards one another while making personal fame and fortune. The article concludes with a discussion of tricking practices, the meanings and moralities of deception, and how research on fraudsters and tricksters touches on some of the ethical dilemmas inherent to the discipline of anthropology.

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Halima Krausen

It is often thought that, with an appropriate spiritual foundation to work towards moral responsibility and social justice, it would be enough if individuals to follow, as Kant suggests, “the moral law within me“, doing away with outdated structures and with traditions that seem to have become an end in themselves. Yet social structures and philosophical concepts in today's complex world have deep roots in values that, in the past, were understood to be religious and that can be neither denied nor replaced at random. Besides, isn't that “moral law within me“ that was the driving force behind a prophet to “stand up for what is just“, even against social and religious authority. Here is the root out of which traditions grow like branches and structures are built according to necessity. The Qur'anic vision presented here is one of using the diversity of the branches for a constructive competition in producing fruits of balanced justice and peace.

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Why Railroads Now?

Anthropology of Infrastructure and Debates around “Green” Transit

Heather Anne Swanson

. What does the growing interest in railroads—exemplified by this collection of articles—tell us about current anthropological concerns, as well as about how the discipline might further contribute to wider debates about the politics of infrastructures

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Ivi Daskalaki and Nadina Leivaditi

for refugees’ integration within wider European society, education has increasingly come to the forefront of policy responses ( Scientific Committee for the Support of Refugee Children 2017 ). Simultaneously, as “the refugee” is increasingly no longer