For centuries, nature has played significant roles in the Persianate world.
Across generations and beyond national borders, Persian gardens and parks have
carried traces of narratives, beliefs and attitudes of those who designed, built
and used them. This article explores Persian garden history and philosophy,
and the emergence of urban parks in Iran. It examines the evolution of cultural
attitudes and their reflections in contemporary meanings, layout and use of parks.
Landscape narratives both influence and are shaped by shifting cultural values
and needs. Urbanisation – and the necessity for urban dwellers to experience
‘nature’ in new environments, sociocultural factors and habitus transformation
contribute to the diminution of the role of ‘traditional’ narratives in contemporary
design. Nevertheless, the importance of spaces of stillness in landscape design,
inherited from Persian garden ideology, influences recreational behaviour in Iran’s
contemporary urban parks.
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