In her study of the relationship between sex, gender, and social change
in Britain since 1880, Lesley Hall justifies her starting date by pointing
out that ‘recent historians of the nineteenth century have perceived a
definite change in sexual attitudes, and in ways of talking about and
dealing with sexual issues, around 1880’. She suggests that this marks
the beginnings of ‘certain ways of thinking about sex which are essentially
“modern”’. This special edition, which focuses on readings of
texts published from the 1870s to the late 1920s, examines these
‘modern’ ways of conceptualising sex in relation to the dangerous
figure of the sexually active woman and to female sexuality in general.
It takes its impetus from such recent developments in the historicizing
of sexuality that have designated the fin de siècle and early twentieth
century as particularly important for understanding the early formation
of ‘new’ female sexual identities. At this time the new science of
sexology, the development of psychoanalysis, the social purity movement,
the rise of the New Woman and the proliferation of more
sexually explicit texts all contributed to increased public debates about
the nature of female sexuality. As Frank Mort has argued, this was a
period when social purists and feminists increasingly felt compelled to
‘speak out about sex’ and ‘to confront the conspiracy of silence and
shame which surrounded the subject’, a confrontation which also took
place in New Woman fiction.
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