During the twentieth century, scientific advances, especially in the
field of reproductive technologies, have fundamentally altered ideas
about parenting, the family and what it means to be human. In the
1980s, the family became a significant site of political conflict in the
UK when family values were defended and so-called pretended
families were condemned. New information technologies make it
possible for online chat between friends who have never met.
Changes in legislation have defined and protected the rights of the
child and spectacular campaigns have developed for fathers’ rights.
Meanwhile tracing your family history has become one of the most
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