Systematic Review of Recent Social Indicator Efforts in US Coastal and Ocean Ecosystems (2000–2016)

in Environment and Society
Restricted access

ABSTRACT

After Hurricanes Sandy and Katrina, governmental organizations have placed the development of metrics to quantify social impacts, resilience, and community adaptation at the center of their agendas. Following the premise that social indicators provide valuable information to help decision makers address complex interactions between people and the environment, several interagency groups in the United States have undertaken the task of embedding social metrics into policy and management. While this task has illuminated important opportunities for consolidating social and behavioral disciplines at the core of the federal government, there are still significant risks and challenges as quantification approaches move forward. In this article, we discuss the major rationale underpinning these efforts, as well as the limitations and conflicts encountered in transitioning research to policy and application. We draw from a comprehensive literature review to explore major initiatives in institutional scenarios addressing community well-being, vulnerability, and resilience in coastal and ocean resource management agencies.

Contributor Notes

VICTORIA RAMENZONI is an environmental anthropologist. She was a Knauss Marine Policy Fellow at the NOAA (2014), and a contractor in the Office of Program Planning Information, NOAA (2015). She also served as an executive secretary for the Interagency Working Group on Ocean Social Science, Office of Science and Technology, National Ocean Council, White House (2014–2015). E-mail: victoria.ramenzoni@tamucc.edu

DAVID YOSKOWITZ’s research and policy work centers on environmental, ecological, and natural resource economics, as well as microeconomic development and border economics. He was NOAA’s chief economist from 2014 to 2015, where he worked in the consolidation of social sciences at the federal level. E-mail: david.yoskowitz@tamucc.edu

Environment and Society

Advances in Research

  • AndrewsFrank M. 1989. “The Evolution of a Movement.” Journal of Public Policy 9 (4): 401405. doi:10.1017/S0143814X00008242.

  • AndrewsFrank M. and Stephen B. Withey. 2012. Social Indicators of Well-Being: Americans’ Perceptions of Life Quality. Berlin: Springer Science and Business Media.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • AtkinsonTonyBea CantillonEric Marlier and Brian Nolan. 2002. Social Indicators: The EU and Social Inclusion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • AustinDianeBrian MarksKelly AmesTom McGuireBen McMahanVictoria PhaneufPreetam PrakashBethany RogersCarolyn Ware and Justina Whalen. 2014. Offshore Oil and Deepwater Horizon: Social Effects on Gulf Coast Communities—Volume I: Methodology Timeline Context and Communities. OCS Study BOEM 2014-617. New Orleans, LA: BOEM Gulf of Mexico OCS Region. http://www.data.boem.gov/PI/PDFImages/ESPIS/5/5384.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BadhamMarnie. 2009. “Cultural Indicators: Tools for Community Engagement?International Journal of the Arts in Society 3 (5): 6776.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BarnettJonSimon Lambert and Ian Fry. 2008. “The Hazards of Indicators: Insights from the Environmental Vulnerability Index.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 98 (1): 102119. doi:10.1080/00045600701734315.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BauerRaymond A. 1966. Social Indicators. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  • BergaminiNadiaRobert BlasiakPablo EyzaguirreKaoru IchikawaDunja MijatovicFumiko NakaoSuneetha M. Subramanian. 2013. Indicators of Resilience in Socio-ecological Production Landscapes (SEPLs). Yokohama: United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Berger-SchmittRegina and Heinz-Herbert Noll. 2000. Conceptual Framework and Structure of a European System of Social Indicators. EuReporting Working Paper No. 9. Mannheim: Centre for Survey Research and Methodology (ZUMA). http://www.gesis.org/fileadmin/upload/dienstleistung/daten/soz_indikatoren/eusi/paper9.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BerkesFikret. 2006. “From Community-based Resource Management to Complex Systems: The Scale Issue and Marine Commons.” Ecology and Society 11 (1): art. 45. doi:10.5751/ES-01431-110145.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BernardH. Russell. 2006. Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. 4th ed. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BiggsReinetteMaja SchlüterDuan BiggsErin L. BohenskyShauna Burn SilverGeorgina CundillVasilis Dakos et al. 2012. “Toward Principles for Enhancing the Resilience of Ecosystem Services.” Annual Review of Environment and Resources 37: 421448. doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-051211-123836.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BoothAndrewDiana Papaioannou and Anthea Sutton. 2012. Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature Review. Los Angeles: Sage.

  • BorgattiStephen P. and Inga Carboni. 2007. “On Measuring Individual Knowledge in Organizations.” Organizational Research Methods 10 (3): 449462. doi:10.1177/1094428107300228.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BowenRobert E. and Cory Riley. 2003. “Socio-economic Indicators and Integrated Coastal Management.” Ocean and Coastal Management 46 (3–4): 299312. doi:10.1016/S0964-5691(03)00008-5.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BridgesToddCharley ChesnuttRoselle HennPaul WagnerCamley WaltersTy Wamsley and Kate White. 2013. Coastal Risk Reduction and Resilience. New York: US Army Corps of Engineers. http://www.swg.usace.army.mil/Portals/26/docs/PAO/Coastal.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BrownBrett V. and Thomas Corbett. 1997. Social Indicators and Public Policy in the Age of Devolution. Special Report no. 71. Madison: Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin–Madison. http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/sr/pdfs/sr71.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CarpenterAnn. 2013. Social Ties Space and Resilience: Literature Review of Community Resilience to Disasters and Constituent Social and Built Environmental Factors. Community and Economic Development Discussion Paper No. 02-13. Atlanta: Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. https://www.frbatlanta.org/-/media/documents/community-development/publications/discussion-papers/2013/02-literature-review-of-community-resilience-to-disasters-2013-09-25.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CarpenterSteveBrian WalkerJ. Marty Anderies and Nick Abel. 2001. “From Metaphor to Measurement: Resilience of What to What?Ecosystems 4: 765781. doi:10.1007/s10021-001-0045-9.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CarrigerJohn F.Stephen J. JordanJanis C. Kurtz and William H. Benson. 2015. “Identifying Evaluation Considerations for the Recovery and Restoration from the 2010 Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill: An Initial Appraisal of Stakeholder Concerns and Values.” Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 11 (3): 502513. doi:10.1002/ieam.1615.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ClarkeBeverleyLaura StockerBrian CoffeyPeat LeithNick HarveyClaudia BaldwinTom Baxter et al. 2013. “Enhancing the Knowledge-Governance Interface: Coasts, Climate and Collaboration.” Ocean and Coastal Management 86: 8899. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2013.02.009.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ClayPatricia M.Andrew Kitts and Patricia Pinto da Silva. 2014. “Measuring the Social and Economic Performance of Catch Share Programs: Definition of Metrics and Application to the US Northeast Region Groundfish Fishery.” Marine Policy 44: 2736. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2013.08.009.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ClayPatricia M. and Julia Olson. 2008. “Defining ‘Fishing Communities’: Vulnerability and the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act.” Human Ecology Review 15 (2): 143160.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CobbClifford W. and Craig Rixford. 1998. Lessons Learned from the History of Social Indicators. Vol. 1. San Francisco: Redefining Progress.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CohenWilbur J. 1969. Toward a Social Report. ERIC no. ED054039. Washington, DC: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. http://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED054039.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CropperMaureen L. and Wallace E. Oates. 1992. “Environmental Economics: A Survey.” Journal of Economic Literature 30 (2): 675740.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CutterSusan L. and Christopher T. Emrich. 2006. “Moral Hazard, Social Catastrophe: The Changing Face of Vulnerability along the Hurricane Coasts.” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 604 (1): 102112. doi:10.1177/0002716205285515.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CutterSusan L.Christopher T. EmrichJennifer J. Webb and Daniel Morath. 2009. Social Vulnerability to Climate Variability Hazards: A Review of the Literature. Final Report to Oxfam America. Columbia: Hazards and Vulnerability Research Institute, University of South Carolina.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DahlArthur Lyon. 2012. “Achievements and Gaps in Indicators for Sustainability.” Ecological Indicators 17: 1419. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.04.032.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DaviesPhilip. 2012. “The State of Evidence-based Policy Evaluation and Its Role in Policy Formation.” National Institute Economic Review 219 (1): R41R52. doi:10.1177/002795011221900105.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • EakinHallie and Amy Lynd Luers. 2006. “Assessing the Vulnerability of Social-Environmental Systems.” Annual Review of Environment and Resources 31: 365394. doi:10.1146/annurev.energy.30.050504.144352.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FerrissAbbott L. 1979. “The U.S. Federal Effort in Developing Social Indicators.” Social Indicators Research 6 (2): 129152.

  • FeurtChristine. 2006. Cultural Models: A Tool for Enhancing Communication and Collaboration in Coastal Resources Management. NOAA Grant No. NA03NOS4190195. Wells, ME: Wells National Estuarine Research Reserve. http://www.wellsreserve.org/writable/files/microsoft_word_-_cultural_models_primer.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • “FFO-2015.” 2016. NOAA RESTORE Act Science Program. https://restoreactscienceprogram.noaa.gov/funding/ffo-2015 (accessed 1 September 2016).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ForceJo Ellen and Gary E. Machlis. 1997. “The Human Ecosystem Part II: Social Indicators in Ecosystem Management.” Society and Natural Resources 10 (4): 369382. doi:10.1080/08941929709381035.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FoucaultMichel. 2007. Security Territory Population: Lectures at the College De France 1977–1978. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GariSirak R.Alice Newton and John D. Icely. 2015. “A Review of the Application and Evolution of the DPSIR Framework with an Emphasis on Coastal Social-Ecological Systems.” Ocean and Coastal Management 103: 6377. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.11.013.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GergenKenneth J. 1973. “Social Psychology as History.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 26 (2): 309320.

  • GreenMaria. 2001. “What We Talk about When We Talk about Indicators: Current Approaches to Human Rights Measurement.” Human Rights Quarterly 23 (4): 10621097. doi:10.1353/hrq.2001.0054.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HackingIan. 1990. The Taming of Chance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • HákTomásBedrich Moldan and Arthur Lyon Dahl. 2012. Sustainability Indicators: A Scientific Assessment. Washington, DC: Island Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HollingCrawford S. 1973. “Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems.” Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 4: 123.

  • HouYingShudong ZhouBenjamin Burkhard and Felix Müller. 2014. “Socioeconomic Influences on Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services and Human Well-Being: A Quantitative Application of the DPSIR Model in Jiangsu, China.” Science of the Total Environment 490: 10121028. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.05.071.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HuetingRoefie and L. Reijnders. 2004. “Broad Sustainability Contra Sustainability: The Proper Construction of Sustainability Indicators.” Ecological Economics 50 (3–4): 249260. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2004.03.031.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • IFPRI (International Food Policy Research Institute). 2015. 2014–2015 Global Food Policy Report. Washington, DC: IFPRI. doi:10.2499/9780896295759.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • InnesJudith Eleanor. 1975. Social Indicators and Public Policy: Interactive Processes of Design and Application. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

  • InnesJudith Eleanor. 1989. “Disappointments and Legacies of Social Indicators.” Journal of Public Policy 9 (4): 429432. doi:10.1017/S0143814X00008291.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • InnesJudith Eleanor and David E. Booher. 2000. “Indicators for Sustainable Communities: A Strategy Building on Complexity Theory and Distributed Intelligence.” Planning Theory and Practice 1 (2): 173186. doi:10.1080/14649350020008378.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • InnesJudith Eleanor and David E. Booher. 2010. Planning with Complexity: An Introduction to Collaborative Rationality for Public Policy. London: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • JacobSteve and Michael Jepson. 2009. “Creating a Community Context for the Fishery Stock Sustainability Index.” Fisheries 34 (5): 228231. doi:10.1577/1548-8446-34.5.228.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • JohnsGraceDonna J. LeeVernon LeeworthyJoseph Boyer and William Nuttle. 2014. “Developing Economic Indices to Assess the Human Dimensions of the South Florida Coastal Marine Ecosystem Services.” Ecological Indicators 44: 6980. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2014.04.014.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KristensenPeter. 2004. “The DPSIR Framework.” Paper presented at a United Nations Environment Programme workshopNairobi, Kenya27–29 September. http://wwz.ifremer.fr/dce_eng/content/download/69291/913220/file/DPSIR.pdf.

    • Export Citation
  • LandKenneth C.Alex C. Michalos and Joseph Sirgy eds.. 2011. Handbook of Social Indicators and Quality of Life Research. Berlin: Springer Science and Business Media.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LandKenneth C. and Seymour Spilerman eds. 1975. Social Indicator Models. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

  • Le GentilEric and Rémi Mongruel. 2015. “A Systematic Review of Socio-Economic Assessments in Support of Coastal Zone Management (1992–2011).” Journal of Environmental Management 149: 8596. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.10.018.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MacDowallLachlanMarnie BadhamEmma Blomkamp and Kim Dunphy eds. 2016. Making Culture Count: The Politics of Cultural Measurement. Berlin: Springer.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MaloneyJohn C. 1968. “Review of Review of Social Indicators, by Raymond A. Bauer.” Journal of Business 41 (1): 115118.

  • MartínezJavier and Emile Dopheide. 2014. “Indicators: From Counting to Communicating.” Journal for Education in the Built Environment 9 (1): 119. doi:10.11120/jebe.2014.00009.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McBainDarian and Ali Alsamawi. 2014. “Quantitative Accounting for Social Economic Indicators.” Natural Resources Forum 38 (3): 193202. doi:10.1111/1477-8947.12044.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MEA (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment). 2005. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Synthesis. Washington, DC: Island Press. http://www.millenniumassessment.org/documents/document.356.aspx.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NollHeinz-Herbert. 2002. “Towards a European System of Social Indicators: Theoretical Framework and System Architecture.” Social Indicators Research 58 (1–3): 4787.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NollHeinz-Herbert. 2004. “Social Indicators and Quality of Life Research: Background, Achievements and Current Trends.” In Advances in Sociological Knowledge: Over Half a Century ed. Nikolai Genov151181. Berlin: Springer.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • OstromElinor. 2009. “A General Framework for Analyzing Sustainability of Social-Ecological Systems.” Science 325 (5939): 419422. doi:10.1126/science.1172133.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PettersonJohn S.Edward GlazierLaura D. StanleyCarson MenckenKarl EschbachPatrick Moore and Pamela Goode. 2008. Benefits and Burdens of OCS Activities on States Labor Market Areas Coastal Counties and Selected Communities. OCS Study MMS 2008-052. New Orleans, LA: BOEM Gulf of Mexico OCS Region. https://www.boem.gov/ESPIS/4/4537.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PollnacRichard B.Susan Abbott-JamiesonCourtney SmithMarc L. MillerPatricia M. Clay and Bryan Oles. 2006. “Toward a Model for Fisheries Social Impact Assessment.” Marine Fisheries Review 68 (1–4): 118.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SawickiDavid S. 2002. “Improving Community Indicator Systems: Injecting More Social Science into the Folk Movement.” Planning Theory and Practice 3 (1): 1332. doi:10.1080/14649350220117780.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ScottJames C. 1998. Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SheldonEleanor B. and Howard E. Freeman. 1970. “Notes on Social Indicators: Promises and Potential.” Policy Sciences 1 (1): 97111. doi:10.1007/BF00145195.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SmitBarry and Johanna Wandel. 2006. “Adaptation, Adaptive Capacity and Vulnerability.” Global Environmental Change 16 (3): 282292. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2006.03.008.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TietenbergThomas. 2004. Environmental Economic and Policy. 4th ed. Boston: Pearson Addison-Wesley.

  • UN-DESA (United Nations Division for Sustainable Development). 1992. Agenda 21. UN Conference on Environment and DevelopmentRio de Janeiro3–14 June. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/Agenda21.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme). 2015. An Introduction to Environmental Assessment. Cambridge: UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre. http://wedocs.unep.org//handle/20.500.11822/7557.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WalkerBrianLance GundersonAnn KinzigCarl FolkeSteve Carpenter and Lisen Schultz. 2006. “A Handful of Heuristics and Some Propositions for Understanding Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems.” Ecology and Society 11 (1): 8094.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WellerSusan C. 2007. “Cultural Consensus Theory: Applications and Frequently Asked Questions.” Field Methods 19 (4): 339368. doi:10.1177/1525822X07303502.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WhiteHoward D. 1983. “A Cocitation Map of the Social Indicators Movement.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science 34 (5): 307312. doi:10.1002/asi.4630340502.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WilsonJeffreyPeter Tyedmers and Ronald Pelot. 2007. “Contrasting and Comparing Sustainable Development Indicator Metrics.” Ecological Indicators 7 (2): 299314. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2006.02.009.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WongCecilia. 2003. “Indicators at the Crossroads: Ideas, Methods and Applications.” Town Planning Review 74 (3): 253279. doi:10.3828/tpr.74.3.1.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WongCecilia. 2006. Indicators for Urban and Regional Planning: The Interplay of Policy and Methods. London: Routledge.

  • YoheGaryElizabeth MaloneAntoinette BrenkertMichael SchlesingerHenk MeijXiaoshi Xing and Daniel Lee. 2006. A Synthetic Assessment of the Global Distribution of Vulnerability to Climate Change from the IPCC Perspective That Reflects Exposure and Adaptive Capacity. Palisades, NY: Center for International Earth Science Information Network, Columbia University. http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/mva/ccv/sagdreport.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • YoskowitzDavid and Marc Russell. 2015. “Human Dimensions of Our Estuaries and Coasts.” Estuaries and Coasts 38 (S1): 18. doi:10.1007/s12237-014-9926-y.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 21 21 21
Full Text Views 44 44 44
PDF Downloads 12 12 12