PLURALITY OF RESISTANCE AND CHANGES IN THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

in Ethnologia Europaea
Author:
Marion Näser-Lather Philipps University Marburg naeserm@staff.uni-marburg.de

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Jutta Lauth Bacas University of Zurich jutta.lauth.bacas@gmail.com

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In the European countries next to the Mediterranean Sea, we presently observe not only the manifold effects of austerity policies but also significant political and social changes triggered by the (economic) crisis since 2008. In many of these countries, we perceive new forms of social practices of networking, leading to growing opposition and protest articulated by local communities or by social movements, which are based on common acts of solidarity, cooperation and the establishment of (close) personal relationships. Many of these forms of protest do not seem to be characterized by typical and well-known political ideologies or trade unions’ demands (cf. Žižek 2012). Instead new practices develop, such as the (re)appropriation of public space, networking, alternative ways of protesting (such as in the case of Occupy or the Indignados), and sharing, inspired by concepts of grassroots-democracy, solidarity, and anti-consumerism (see, e.g., Corredera 2012; Fernández-Savater 2012). These movements can be understood as newcomers in the political arena of many Southern European countries, since they see themselves in a distinct opposition to the established – often clientelistic – political structures of their societies

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