A fundamental methodological problem is the relevance of an antagonism of capitalism.
This needs to be classified in light of the developmental stage of the means of production:
far too little attention is paid to the contradictory character of individualization and
socialization. This brings us to Karl Polányi’s main argument of disembedding. He also deals
with a shift from the socially integrated (and dependent) individual to the utilitarian market
citizen. The French regulationist theory offers a major step toward understanding new forms
of societal embedding linked to this “new personality.” It will also allow us to move beyond
the misleading juxtaposition or dichotomization of individualization-socialization.
Investigating five major tensions, it ventilates the possible meaning of the digital revolution
and the challenges for monitoring development. The main aim of the article, however, is to
bring the economy back in and to go beyond the traditional duality between economics and