China has entered a new phase of development. Living standards have significantly improved
as the economy grows. Socioeconomic security, social cohesion, social inclusion, and social
empowerment have all strengthened, but the social quality level is not quite satisfactory.
First, many think the low “social security” cannot provide sufficient protection. Second,
low social trust and lack of social belief and value system greatly affect social cohesion.
Third, to cope with social discrimination and realize better tolerance, social inclusion must
be addressed. People have the strongest sense of unfairness for wealth and income gaps as
well as right and entitlement differences between urban and rural areas. In addition, low
political efficacy and low levels of social and political participation indicate weak social
empowerment in China.