Reform of the judicial system has been discussed in Italy for a long

time, not least because its many problems are by now well known in

Europe too, showing time and time again that the country is out of step

with the European Community’s institutions. There has been no lack

of initiatives to remedy this situation; indeed, they have followed one

another at regular intervals, though often with disappointing results.

However, since the significant changes in the 1960s and 1970s to the

laws governing the career progression of judicial personnel, there have

been few, and for the most part ineffectual, attempts at reform with

regard to the statutes relating to the ordinary judiciary. The reforms

have affected the administration of justice in different ways, both in

terms of substance and in terms of judicial procedure, but they have

not so far concerned judicial personnel, even though the latter are an

essential element in the smooth operation of the judiciary.