Through the items in archaeological museums’ collections, it is possible to
create inclusive narratives and discourses in which different social groups, ethnicities,
age groups, and genders can and must be present. With this in mind, we shall focus our
attention on some Spanish archaeological museums inaugurated in recent years, with
the aim of analyzing how they have represented and represent women, which roles are
assigned to women within the collective community, and how gender relations in past
societies are illustrated.