For some decades, the religious rebellion of the late-twentieth and early-twenty-first centuries
was characterized by political violence, terrorism, and strident rhetoric. Then in 2011, the
events collectively known as Arab Spring seemed to offer a new model: mass movements leading
to democratic reform and electoral change. The elections of 2012 swept religious parties
and leadership into office in Egypt, Tunisia, and Libya. Is this the face of the future of religious
rebellion around the world?