Taking the Canada–U.S. border as a starting point to refl ect on emergent smart
border practices, this essay analyzes the diff erential yet central place that race
continues to hold in the regulation of mobilities through the technopolitical
mechanism of the border. Against claims that smart borders off er a more
scientifi c and “postracial” mode of border control, the essay off ers a situated
conceptual refl ection on how race is currently being (re)shaped by the complex
intersection of biopolitical and algorithmic forms of governmentality as
they converge in border technologies. Th e essay proposes to think through
four diff erent sets of smart border technologies that enact and track race as a
biopolitical assemblage in particular ways, analyzing the associated perceptual
codes each puts into play (biometric, movement sensing, drone, and databased).
It closes by refl ecting on how these algorithmic technologies infl ect the
biopolitical targeting of race and mobility in ways that serve to insulate smart
border practices from democratic accoun tability.